G.7. Class Account

Class Account (Figs. G.11G.12) represents a bank account. Lines 915 in the class definition (Fig. G.11) contain function prototypes for the class's constructor and six member functions, which we discuss shortly. Each Account has four attributes (modeled in Fig. 13.29)accountNumber, pin, availableBalance and totalBalance. Lines 1720 implement these attributes as private data members. Data member availableBalance represents the amount of funds available for withdrawal. Data member totalBalance represents the amount of funds available, plus the amount of deposited funds still pending confirmation or clearance.

Figure G.11. Account class definition.

 1 // Account.h
 2 // Account class definition. Represents a bank account.
 3 #ifndef ACCOUNT_H
 4 #define ACCOUNT_H
 6 class Account
 7 {
 8 public:
 9 Account( int, int, double, double ); // constructor sets attributes
10 bool validatePIN( int ) const; // is user-specified PIN correct?
11 double getAvailableBalance() const; // returns available balance
12 double getTotalBalance() const; // returns total balance
13 void credit( double ); // adds an amount to the Account balance
14 void debit( double ); // subtracts an amount from the Account balance
15 int getAccountNumber() const; // returns account number
16 private:
17 int accountNumber; // account number
18 int pin; // PIN for authentication
19 double availableBalance; // funds available for withdrawal
20 double totalBalance; // funds available + funds waiting to clear
21 }; // end class Account
23 #endif // ACCOUNT_H

Figure G.12. Account class member-function definitions.

(This item is displayed on pages 1299 - 1300 in the print version)

 1 // Account.cpp
 2 // Member-function definitions for class Account.
 3 #include "Account.h" // Account class definition
 5 // Account constructor initializes attributes
 6 Account::Account( int theAccountNumber, int thePIN,
 7 double theAvailableBalance, double theTotalBalance )
 8 : accountNumber( theAccountNumber ),
 9 pin( thePIN ),
10 availableBalance( theAvailableBalance ),
11 totalBalance( theTotalBalance )
12 {
13 // empty body
14 } // end Account constructor
16 // determines whether a user-specified PIN matches PIN in Account
17 bool Account::validatePIN( int userPIN ) const
18 {
19 if ( userPIN == pin )
20 return true;
21 else
22 return false;
23 } // end function validatePIN
25 // returns available balance
26 double Account::getAvailableBalance() const
27 {
28 return availableBalance;
29 } // end function getAvailableBalance
31 // returns the total balance
32 double Account::getTotalBalance() const
33 {
34 return totalBalance;
35 } // end function getTotalBalance
37 // credits an amount to the account
38 void Account::credit( double amount )
39 {
40 totalBalance += amount; // add to total balance
41 } // end function credit
43 // debits an amount from the account
44 void Account::debit( double amount )
45 {
46 availableBalance -= amount; // subtract from available balance
47 totalBalance -= amount; // subtract from total balance
48 } // end function debit
50 // returns account number
51 int Account::getAccountNumber() const
52 {
53 return accountNumber;
54 } // end function getAccountNumber

Account Class Member-Function Definitions

Figure G.12 presents the definitions of class Account's member functions. The class's constructor (lines 614) takes an account number, the PIN established for the account, the initial available balance and the initial total balance as arguments. Lines 811 assign these values to the class's data members using member initializers.

Member function validatePIN (lines 1723) determines whether a user-specified PIN (i.e., parameter userPIN) matches the PIN associated with the account (i.e., data member pin). Recall that we modeled this member function's parameter userPIN in the UML class diagram of Fig. 6.37. If the two PINs match, the member function returns TRue (line 20); otherwise, it returns false (line 22).

Member functions getAvailableBalance (lines 2629) and getTotalBalance (lines 3235) are get functions that return the values of double data members availableBalance and totalBalance, respectively.

Member function credit (lines 3841) adds an amount of money (i.e., parameter amount) to an Account as part of a deposit transaction. Note that this member function adds the amount only to data member totalBalance (line 40). The money credited to an account during a deposit does not become available immediately, so we modify only the total balance. We assume that the bank updates the available balance appropriately at a later time. Our implementation of class Account includes only member functions required for carrying out ATM transactions. Therefore, we omit the member functions that some other bank system would invoke to add to data member availableBalance (to confirm a deposit) or subtract from data member totalBalance (to reject a deposit).

Member function debit (lines 4448) subtracts an amount of money (i.e., parameter amount) from an Account as part of a withdrawal transaction. This member function subtracts the amount from both data member availableBalance (line 46) and data member totalBalance (line 47), because a withdrawal affects both measures of an account balance.

Member function getAccountNumber (lines 5154) provides access to an Account's accountNumber. We include this member function in our implementation so that a client of the class (i.e., BankDatabase) can identify a particular Account. For example, BankDatabase contains many Account objects, and it can invoke this member function on each of its Account objects to locate the one with a specific account number.

Introduction to Computers, the Internet and World Wide Web

Introduction to C++ Programming

Introduction to Classes and Objects

Control Statements: Part 1

Control Statements: Part 2

Functions and an Introduction to Recursion

Arrays and Vectors

Pointers and Pointer-Based Strings

Classes: A Deeper Look, Part 1

Classes: A Deeper Look, Part 2

Operator Overloading; String and Array Objects

Object-Oriented Programming: Inheritance

Object-Oriented Programming: Polymorphism


Stream Input/Output

Exception Handling

File Processing

Class string and String Stream Processing

Web Programming

Searching and Sorting

Data Structures

Bits, Characters, C-Strings and structs

Standard Template Library (STL)

Other Topics

Appendix A. Operator Precedence and Associativity Chart

Appendix B. ASCII Character Set

Appendix C. Fundamental Types

Appendix D. Number Systems

Appendix E. C Legacy Code Topics

Appendix F. Preprocessor

Appendix G. ATM Case Study Code

Appendix H. UML 2: Additional Diagram Types

Appendix I. C++ Internet and Web Resources

Appendix J. Introduction to XHTML

Appendix K. XHTML Special Characters

Appendix L. Using the Visual Studio .NET Debugger

Appendix M. Using the GNU C++ Debugger


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C++ How to Program
C++ How to Program (5th Edition)
ISBN: 0131857576
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2004
Pages: 627
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