Processing Unexpected Exceptions

Function unexpected calls the function registered with function set_unexpected (defined in header file ). If no function has been registered in this manner, function terminate is called by default. Cases in which function terminate is called include:

  1. the exception mechanism cannot find a matching catch for a thrown exception
  2. a destructor attempts to tHRow an exception during stack unwinding
  3. an attempt is made to rethrow an exception when there is no exception currently being handled
  4. a call to function unexpected defaults to calling function terminate

(Section 15.5.1 of the C++ Standard Document discusses several additional cases.) Function set_terminate can specify the function to invoke when terminate is called. Otherwise, terminate calls abort, which terminates the program without calling the destructors of any remaining objects of automatic or static storage class. This could lead to resource leaks when a program terminates prematurely.

Function set_terminate and function set_unexpected each return a pointer to the last function called by terminate and unexpected, respectively (0, the first time each is called). This enables the programmer to save the function pointer so it can be restored later. Functions set_terminate and set_unexpected take as arguments pointers to functions with void return types and no arguments.

If the last action of a programmer-defined termination function is not to exit a program, function abort will be called to end program execution after the other statements of the programmer-defined termination function are executed.

Introduction to Computers, the Internet and World Wide Web

Introduction to C++ Programming

Introduction to Classes and Objects

Control Statements: Part 1

Control Statements: Part 2

Functions and an Introduction to Recursion

Arrays and Vectors

Pointers and Pointer-Based Strings

Classes: A Deeper Look, Part 1

Classes: A Deeper Look, Part 2

Operator Overloading; String and Array Objects

Object-Oriented Programming: Inheritance

Object-Oriented Programming: Polymorphism


Stream Input/Output

Exception Handling

File Processing

Class string and String Stream Processing

Web Programming

Searching and Sorting

Data Structures

Bits, Characters, C-Strings and structs

Standard Template Library (STL)

Other Topics

Appendix A. Operator Precedence and Associativity Chart

Appendix B. ASCII Character Set

Appendix C. Fundamental Types

Appendix D. Number Systems

Appendix E. C Legacy Code Topics

Appendix F. Preprocessor

Appendix G. ATM Case Study Code

Appendix H. UML 2: Additional Diagram Types

Appendix I. C++ Internet and Web Resources

Appendix J. Introduction to XHTML

Appendix K. XHTML Special Characters

Appendix L. Using the Visual Studio .NET Debugger

Appendix M. Using the GNU C++ Debugger


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C++ How to Program
C++ How to Program (5th Edition)
ISBN: 0131857576
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2004
Pages: 627
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