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typedef

Keyword typedef provides a mechanism for creating synonyms (or aliases) for previously defined data types. Names for structure types are often defined with typedef to create shorter, simpler or more readable type names. For example, the statement

typedef Card *CardPtr;

defines the new type name CardPtr as a synonym for type Card *.

Good Programming Practice 22.1

Capitalize typedef names to emphasize that these names are synonyms for other type names.


Creating a new name with typedef does not create a new type; typedef simply creates a new type name that can then be used in the program as an alias for an existing type name.

Portability Tip 22.2

Synonyms for built-in data types can be created with typedef to make programs more portable. For example, a program can use typedef to create alias Integer for four-byte integers. Integer can then be aliased to int on systems with four-byte integers and can be aliased to long int on systems with two-byte integers where long int values occupy four bytes. Then, the programmer simply declares all four-byte integer variables to be of type Integer.


Introduction to Computers, the Internet and World Wide Web

Introduction to C++ Programming

Introduction to Classes and Objects

Control Statements: Part 1

Control Statements: Part 2

Functions and an Introduction to Recursion

Arrays and Vectors

Pointers and Pointer-Based Strings

Classes: A Deeper Look, Part 1

Classes: A Deeper Look, Part 2

Operator Overloading; String and Array Objects

Object-Oriented Programming: Inheritance

Object-Oriented Programming: Polymorphism

Templates

Stream Input/Output

Exception Handling

File Processing

Class string and String Stream Processing

Web Programming

Searching and Sorting

Data Structures

Bits, Characters, C-Strings and structs

Standard Template Library (STL)

Other Topics

Appendix A. Operator Precedence and Associativity Chart

Appendix B. ASCII Character Set

Appendix C. Fundamental Types

Appendix D. Number Systems

Appendix E. C Legacy Code Topics

Appendix F. Preprocessor

Appendix G. ATM Case Study Code

Appendix H. UML 2: Additional Diagram Types

Appendix I. C++ Internet and Web Resources

Appendix J. Introduction to XHTML

Appendix K. XHTML Special Characters

Appendix L. Using the Visual Studio .NET Debugger

Appendix M. Using the GNU C++ Debugger

Bibliography

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C++ How to Program
C++ How to Program (5th Edition)
ISBN: 0131857576
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2004
Pages: 627
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