Although we don't substantiate this fact until we reach Section 6.8, it's not too early to realize that LTI systems have a useful commutative property by which their sequential order can be rearranged with no change in their final output. This situation is shown in Figure 1-10 where two different LTI systems are configured in series. Swapping the order of two cascaded systems does not alter the final output. Although the intermediate data sequences f(n) and g(n) will usually not be equal, the two pairs of LTI systems will have identical y(n) output sequences. This commutative characteristic comes in handy for designers of digital filters, as we'll see in Chapters 5 and 6.

Figure 1-10. Linear time-invariant (LTI) systems in series: (a) block diagram of two LTI systems; (b) swapping the order of the two systems does not change the resultant output y(n).

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Chapter One. Discrete Sequences and Systems

Chapter Two. Periodic Sampling

Chapter Three. The Discrete Fourier Transform

Chapter Four. The Fast Fourier Transform

Chapter Five. Finite Impulse Response Filters

Chapter Six. Infinite Impulse Response Filters

Chapter Seven. Specialized Lowpass FIR Filters

Chapter Eight. Quadrature Signals

Chapter Nine. The Discrete Hilbert Transform

Chapter Ten. Sample Rate Conversion

Chapter Eleven. Signal Averaging

Chapter Twelve. Digital Data Formats and Their Effects

Chapter Thirteen. Digital Signal Processing Tricks

Appendix A. The Arithmetic of Complex Numbers

Appendix B. Closed Form of a Geometric Series

Appendix C. Time Reversal and the DFT

Appendix D. Mean, Variance, and Standard Deviation

Appendix E. Decibels (dB and dBm)

Appendix F. Digital Filter Terminology

Appendix G. Frequency Sampling Filter Derivations

Appendix H. Frequency Sampling Filter Design Tables

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Understanding Digital Signal Processing
Understanding Digital Signal Processing (2nd Edition)
ISBN: 0131089897
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2004
Pages: 183
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