Printing Strings and Characters

The c and s conversion characters are used to print individual characters and strings, respectively. Conversion character s can also print objects with the results of implicit calls to method toString. Conversion character c and C requires a char argument. Conversion character s and S can take a String or any Object (this includes all subclasses of Object) as an argument. When an object is passed to the conversion character s, the program implicitly uses the object's toString method to obtain the String representation of the object. When conversion characters C and S are used, the output is displayed in uppercase letters. The program shown in Fig. 28.5 displays characters, strings and objects with conversion characters c and s. Note that autoboxing occurs at line 10 when an int constant is assigned to an Integer object. Line 15 associates an Integer object argument to the conversion character s, which implicitly invokes the toString method to get the integer value. Note that you can also output an Integer object using the %d format specifier. In this case, the int value in the Integer object will be unboxed and output.

Figure 28.5. Using character and string conversion characters.

(This item is displayed on page 1332 in the print version)

 1 // Fig. 28.5: CharStringConversion.java
 2 // Using character and string conversion characters.
 3
 4 public class CharStringConversion
 5 {
 6 public static void main( String args[] )
 7 {
 8 char character = 'A'; // initialize char
 9 String string = "This is also a string"; // String object
10 Integer integer = 1234; // initialize integer (autoboxing)
11
12 System.out.printf( "%c
", character );
13 System.out.printf( "%s
", "This is a string" );
14 System.out.printf( "%s
", string );
15 System.out.printf( "%S
", string );
16 System.out.printf( "%s
", integer ); // implicit call to toString
17 } // end main
18 } // end class CharStringConversion
 
A
This is a string
This is also a string
THIS IS ALSO A STRING
1234
 

Common Programming Error 28.1

Using %c to print a string causes an Illegal FormatConversionExceptiona string cannot be converted to a character.


Introduction to Computers, the Internet and the World Wide Web

Introduction to Java Applications

Introduction to Classes and Objects

Control Statements: Part I

Control Statements: Part 2

Methods: A Deeper Look

Arrays

Classes and Objects: A Deeper Look

Object-Oriented Programming: Inheritance

Object-Oriented Programming: Polymorphism

GUI Components: Part 1

Graphics and Java 2D™

Exception Handling

Files and Streams

Recursion

Searching and Sorting

Data Structures

Generics

Collections

Introduction to Java Applets

Multimedia: Applets and Applications

GUI Components: Part 2

Multithreading

Networking

Accessing Databases with JDBC

Servlets

JavaServer Pages (JSP)

Formatted Output

Strings, Characters and Regular Expressions

Appendix A. Operator Precedence Chart

Appendix B. ASCII Character Set

Appendix C. Keywords and Reserved Words

Appendix D. Primitive Types

Appendix E. (On CD) Number Systems

Appendix F. (On CD) Unicode®

Appendix G. Using the Java API Documentation

Appendix H. (On CD) Creating Documentation with javadoc

Appendix I. (On CD) Bit Manipulation

Appendix J. (On CD) ATM Case Study Code

Appendix K. (On CD) Labeled break and continue Statements

Appendix L. (On CD) UML 2: Additional Diagram Types

Appendix M. (On CD) Design Patterns

Appendix N. Using the Debugger

Inside Back Cover



Java(c) How to Program
Java How to Program (6th Edition) (How to Program (Deitel))
ISBN: 0131483986
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2003
Pages: 615

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