Answers to Self Review Exercises


a) JMenu. b) addSeparator. c) stateChanged, ChangeListener. d) anchor.

  1. False. A JFrame does not require any menus.
  2. False. The variable fill belongs to the GridBagConstraints class.
  3. True.
  4. True.
  1. JMenubar should be JMenuBar.
  2. The first argument to the constructor should be either SwingConstants.HORIZONTAL or SwingConstants.VERTICAL, and the keyword new must be used after the = operator.
  3. The constant should be either BOTH, HORIZONTAL, VERTICAL or NONE.
  4. paintcomponent should be paintComponent, and the method should call super.paint-Component( g ) as its first statement.
  5. The JFrame's setSize method must also be called to establish the size of the window.



Fill in the blanks in each of the following statements:

  1. A JMenuItem that is a JMenu is called a(n) _____
  2. Method _____ attaches a JMenuBar to a JFrame.
  3. Container _____ class has a default BoxLayout.
  4. A(n) _____ manages a set of child windows declared with class JInternalFrame.

State whether each of the following is true or false . If false, explain why.

  1. Menus require a JMenuBar object so they can be attached to a JFrame.
  2. BoxLayout is the default layout manager for a JFrame.
  3. Method setEditable is a JTextComponent method.
  4. Class JFrame directly extends class Container.
  5. JApplets can contain menus.

Find the error(s) in each of the following. Explain how to correct the error(s).

  1. x.add( new JMenuItem( "Submenu Color" ) );// create submenu
  2. container.setLayout( m = new GridbagLayout() );

Write a program that displays a circle of random size and calculates and displays the area, radius, diameter and circumference. Use the following equations: diameter = 2 area = p circumference = 2 p). All drawing should be done on a subclass of JPanel, and the results of the calculations should be displayed in a read-only JTextArea.


Enhance the program in Exercise 22.7 by allowing the user to alter the radius with a JSlider. The program should work for all radii in the range from 100 to 200. As the radius changes, the diameter, area and circumference should be updated and displayed. The initial radius should be 150. Use the equations from Exercise 22.7. All drawing should be done on a subclass of JPanel, and the results of the calculations should be displayed in a read-only JTextArea.


Explore the effects of varying the weightx and weighty values of the program in Fig. 22.21. What happens when a slot has a nonzero weight but is not allowed to fill the whole area (i.e., the fill value is not BOTH)?


Write a program that uses the paintComponent method to draw the current value of a JSlider on a subclass of JPanel. In addition, provide a JTextField where a specific value can be entered. The JTextField should display the current value of the JSlider at all times. A JLabel should be used to identify the JTextField. The JSlider methods setValue and getValue should be used. [Note: The setValue method is a public method that does not return a value and takes one integer argument, the JSlider value, which determines the position of the thumb.]


Modify the program in Fig. 22.13 by adding a minimum of two new tabs.


Declare a subclass of JPanel called MyColorChooser that provides three JSlider objects and three JTextField objects. Each JSlider represents the values from 0 to 255 for the red, green and blue parts of a color. Use these values as the arguments to the Color constructor to create a new Color object. Display the current value of each JSlider in the corresponding JTextField. When the user changes the value of the JSlider, the JTextField should be changed accordingly. Use your new GUI component as part of an application that displays the current Color value by drawing a filled rectangle.


Modify the MyColorChooser class of Exercise 22.12 to allow the user to enter an integer value into a JTextField to set the red, green or blue value. When the user presses Enter in the JTextField, the corresponding JSlider should be set to the appropriate value.


Modify the application in Exercise 22.13 to draw the current color as a rectangle on an instance of a subclass of JPanel which provides its own paintComponent method to draw the rectangle and provides set methods to set the red, green and blue values for the current color. When any set method is invoked, the drawing panel should automatically repaint itself.


Modify the application in Exercise 22.14 to allow the user to drag the mouse across the drawing panel (a subclass of JPanel) to draw a shape in the current color. Enable the user to choose what shape to draw.


Modify the application in Exercise 22.15 to provide the user with the ability to terminate the application by clicking the close box on the window that is displayed and by selecting Exit from a File menu. Use the techniques shown in Fig. 22.5.


(Complete Drawing Application) Using the techniques developed in this chapter and Chapter 11, create a complete drawing application. The program should use the GUI components from Chapter 11 and Chapter 22 to enable the user to select the shape, color and fill characteristics. Each shape should be stored in an array of MyShape objects, where MyShape is the superclass in your hierarchy of shape classes. Use a JDesktopPane and JInternalFrames to allow the user to create multiple separate drawings in separate child windows. Create the user interface as a separate child window containing all the GUI components that allow the user to determine the characteristics of the shape to be drawn. The user can then click in any JInternalFrame to draw the shape.

Introduction to Computers, the Internet and the World Wide Web

Introduction to Java Applications

Introduction to Classes and Objects

Control Statements: Part I

Control Statements: Part 2

Methods: A Deeper Look


Classes and Objects: A Deeper Look

Object-Oriented Programming: Inheritance

Object-Oriented Programming: Polymorphism

GUI Components: Part 1

Graphics and Java 2D™

Exception Handling

Files and Streams


Searching and Sorting

Data Structures



Introduction to Java Applets

Multimedia: Applets and Applications

GUI Components: Part 2



Accessing Databases with JDBC


JavaServer Pages (JSP)

Formatted Output

Strings, Characters and Regular Expressions

Appendix A. Operator Precedence Chart

Appendix B. ASCII Character Set

Appendix C. Keywords and Reserved Words

Appendix D. Primitive Types

Appendix E. (On CD) Number Systems

Appendix F. (On CD) Unicode®

Appendix G. Using the Java API Documentation

Appendix H. (On CD) Creating Documentation with javadoc

Appendix I. (On CD) Bit Manipulation

Appendix J. (On CD) ATM Case Study Code

Appendix K. (On CD) Labeled break and continue Statements

Appendix L. (On CD) UML 2: Additional Diagram Types

Appendix M. (On CD) Design Patterns

Appendix N. Using the Debugger

Inside Back Cover

Java(c) How to Program
Java How to Program (6th Edition) (How to Program (Deitel))
ISBN: 0131483986
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2003
Pages: 615

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