Synchronized Collections

In Chapter 15, we discussed multithreading. Most of the non-generic collections are unsynchronized by default, so they can operate efficiently when multithreading is not required. Because they are unsynchronized, however, concurrent access to a collection by multiple threads could cause errors. To prevent potential threading problems, synchronization wrappers are used for many of the collections that might be accessed by multiple threads. A wrapper object receives method calls, adds thread synchronization (to prevent concurrent access to the collection) and passes the calls to the wrapped collection object. Most of the non-generic collection classes in the .NET Framework provide static method Synchronized, which returns a synchronized wrapping object for the specified object. For example, the following code creates a synchronized ArrayList:

ArrayList notSafeList = new ArrayList();
ArrayList threadSafeList = ArrayList.Synchronized( notSafeList );

The collections in the .NET Framework do not all provide wrappers for safe performance under multiple threads. Some guarantee no thread-safety at all. Many of the generic collections are inherently thread-safe for reading, but not for writing. To determine if a particular class is thread-safe, check that class's documentation in the .NET Framework class library reference.

Also recall that when a collection is modified, any enumerator returned previously by the GetEnumerator method becomes invalid and will throw an exception if its methods are invoked. Because other threads may change the collection, using an enumerator is not thread-safethus, the foreach statement is not thread-safe either. If you use an enumerator or foreach statement in a multithreaded application, you should use the lock keyword to prevent other threads from using the collection or use a TRy statement to catch the InvalidOperationException.

Preface

Index

    Introduction to Computers, the Internet and Visual C#

    Introduction to the Visual C# 2005 Express Edition IDE

    Introduction to C# Applications

    Introduction to Classes and Objects

    Control Statements: Part 1

    Control Statements: Part 2

    Methods: A Deeper Look

    Arrays

    Classes and Objects: A Deeper Look

    Object-Oriented Programming: Inheritance

    Polymorphism, Interfaces & Operator Overloading

    Exception Handling

    Graphical User Interface Concepts: Part 1

    Graphical User Interface Concepts: Part 2

    Multithreading

    Strings, Characters and Regular Expressions

    Graphics and Multimedia

    Files and Streams

    Extensible Markup Language (XML)

    Database, SQL and ADO.NET

    ASP.NET 2.0, Web Forms and Web Controls

    Web Services

    Networking: Streams-Based Sockets and Datagrams

    Searching and Sorting

    Data Structures

    Generics

    Collections

    Appendix A. Operator Precedence Chart

    Appendix B. Number Systems

    Appendix C. Using the Visual Studio 2005 Debugger

    Appendix D. ASCII Character Set

    Appendix E. Unicode®

    Appendix F. Introduction to XHTML: Part 1

    Appendix G. Introduction to XHTML: Part 2

    Appendix H. HTML/XHTML Special Characters

    Appendix I. HTML/XHTML Colors

    Appendix J. ATM Case Study Code

    Appendix K. UML 2: Additional Diagram Types

    Appendix L. Simple Types

    Index



    Visual C# How to Program
    Visual C# 2005 How to Program (2nd Edition)
    ISBN: 0131525239
    EAN: 2147483647
    Year: 2004
    Pages: 600

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