Variable-Length Argument Lists

Variable-length argument lists allow you to create methods that receive an arbitrary number of arguments. A one-dimensional array-type argument preceded by the keyword params in a method's parameter list indicates that the method receives a variable number of arguments with the type of the array's elements. This use of a params modifier can occur only in the last entry of the parameter list. While you can use method overloading and array passing to accomplish much of what is accomplished with "varargs"another name for variable-length argument listsusing the params modifier is more concise.

Figure 8.22 demonstrates method Average (lines 817), which receives a variable-length sequence of doubles (line 8). C# treats the variable-length argument list as a one-dimensional array whose elements are all of the same type. Hence, the method body can manipulate the parameter numbers as an array of doubles. Lines 1314 use the foreach loop to walk through the array and calculate the total of the doubles in the array. Line 16 accesses numbers.Length to obtain the size of the numbers array for use in the averaging calculation. Lines 31, 33 and 35 in Main call method Average with two, three and four arguments, respectively. Method Average has a variable-length argument list, so it can average as many double arguments as the caller passes. The output reveals that each call to method Average returns the correct value.

Figure 8.22. Using variable-length argument lists.

 1 // Fig. 8.22: VarargsTest.cs
 2 // Using variable-length argument lists.
 3 using System;
 5 public class VarargsTest
 6 {
 7 // calculate average
 8 public static double Average( params double[] numbers )
 9 {
10 double total = 0.0; // initialize total
12 // calculate total using the foreach statement
13 foreach ( double d in numbers ) 
14  total += d; 
16 return total / numbers.Length;
17 } // end method Average
19 public static void Main( string[] args )
20 {
21 double d1 = 10.0;
22 double d2 = 20.0;
23 double d3 = 30.0;
24 double d4 = 40.0;
26 Console.WriteLine(
27 "d1 = {0:F1}
d2 = {1:F1}
d3 = {2:F1}
d4 = {3:F1}
28 d1, d2, d3, d4 );
30 Console.WriteLine( "Average of d1 and d2 is {0:F1}",
31 Average( d1, d2 ) );
32 Console.WriteLine( "Average of d1, d2 and d3 is {0:F1}",
33 Average( d1, d2, d3 ) );
34 Console.WriteLine( "Average of d1, d2, d3 and d4 is {0:F1}",
35 Average( d1, d2, d3, d4 ) );
36 } // end Main
37 } // end class VarargsTest
 d1 = 10.0
 d2 = 20.0
 d3 = 30.0
 d4 = 40.0

 Average of d1 and d2 is 15.0
 Average of d1, d2 and d3 is 20.0
 Average of d1, d2, d3 and d4 is 25.0

Common Programming Error 8 4

Using the params modifier with a parameter in the middle of a method parameter list is a syntax error. The params modifier may be used only with the last parameter of the parameter list.

Using Command Line Arguments



    Introduction to Computers, the Internet and Visual C#

    Introduction to the Visual C# 2005 Express Edition IDE

    Introduction to C# Applications

    Introduction to Classes and Objects

    Control Statements: Part 1

    Control Statements: Part 2

    Methods: A Deeper Look


    Classes and Objects: A Deeper Look

    Object-Oriented Programming: Inheritance

    Polymorphism, Interfaces & Operator Overloading

    Exception Handling

    Graphical User Interface Concepts: Part 1

    Graphical User Interface Concepts: Part 2


    Strings, Characters and Regular Expressions

    Graphics and Multimedia

    Files and Streams

    Extensible Markup Language (XML)

    Database, SQL and ADO.NET

    ASP.NET 2.0, Web Forms and Web Controls

    Web Services

    Networking: Streams-Based Sockets and Datagrams

    Searching and Sorting

    Data Structures



    Appendix A. Operator Precedence Chart

    Appendix B. Number Systems

    Appendix C. Using the Visual Studio 2005 Debugger

    Appendix D. ASCII Character Set

    Appendix E. Unicode®

    Appendix F. Introduction to XHTML: Part 1

    Appendix G. Introduction to XHTML: Part 2

    Appendix H. HTML/XHTML Special Characters

    Appendix I. HTML/XHTML Colors

    Appendix J. ATM Case Study Code

    Appendix K. UML 2: Additional Diagram Types

    Appendix L. Simple Types


    Visual C# How to Program
    Visual C# 2005 How to Program (2nd Edition)
    ISBN: 0131525239
    EAN: 2147483647
    Year: 2004
    Pages: 600

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