internal Access

Classes can be declared with only two access modifierspublic and internal. If there is no access modifier in the class declaration, the class defaults to internal access. This allows the class to be used by all code in the same assembly as the class, but not by code in other assemblies. Within the same assembly as the class, this is equivalent to public access. However, if a class library is referenced from an application, the library's internal classes will be inaccessible from the code of the application. Similarly, methods, instance variables and other members of a class declared internal are accessible to all code compiled in the same assembly, but not to code in other assemblies.

The application in Fig. 9.20 demonstrates internal access. The application contains two classes in one source-code filethe InternalAccessTest application class (lines 622) and the InternalData class (lines 2543).

Figure 9.20. Members declared internal in a class are accessible by other classes in the same assembly.

(This item is displayed on page 446 in the print version)

 1 // Fig. 9.20: InternalAccessTest.cs
 2 // Members declared internal in a class are accessible by other classes
 3 // in the same assembly.
 4 using System;
 6 public class InternalAccessTest
 7 {
 8 public static void Main( string[] args )
 9 {
10 InternalData internalData = new InternalData();
12 // output string representation of internalData
13 Console.WriteLine( "After instantiation:
{0}", internalData );
15 // change internal access data in internalData
16 internalData.number = 77; 
17 internalData.message = "Goodbye"; 
19 // output string representation of internalData
20 Console.WriteLine( "
After changing values:
{0}", internalData );
21 } // end Main
22 } // end class InternalAccessTest
24 // class with internal access instance variables
25 class InternalData
26 {
27 internal int number; // internal-access instance variable 
28 internal string message; // internal-access instance variable
30 // constructor
31 public InternalData()
32 {
33 number = 0;
34 message = "Hello";
35 } // end InternalData constructor
37 // return InternalData object string representation
38 public override string ToString()
39 {
40 return string.Format(
41 "number: {0}; message: {1}", number, message );
42 } // end method ToString
43 } // end class InternalData
 After instantiation:
 number: 0; message: Hello

 After changing values:
 number: 77; message: Goodbye

In the InternalData class declaration, lines 2728 declare the instance variables number and message with the internal access modifierclass InternalData has access internal by default, so there is no need for an access modifier. The InternalAccessTest's static Main method creates an instance of the InternalData class (line 10) to demonstrate modifying the InternalData instance variables directly (as shown in lines 1617). Within the same assembly, internal access is equivalent to public access. The results can be seen in the output window. If we compile this class into a .dll class library file and reference it from a new application, that application will have access to public class InternalAccessTest, but not to internal class InternalData, or its internal members.



    Introduction to Computers, the Internet and Visual C#

    Introduction to the Visual C# 2005 Express Edition IDE

    Introduction to C# Applications

    Introduction to Classes and Objects

    Control Statements: Part 1

    Control Statements: Part 2

    Methods: A Deeper Look


    Classes and Objects: A Deeper Look

    Object-Oriented Programming: Inheritance

    Polymorphism, Interfaces & Operator Overloading

    Exception Handling

    Graphical User Interface Concepts: Part 1

    Graphical User Interface Concepts: Part 2


    Strings, Characters and Regular Expressions

    Graphics and Multimedia

    Files and Streams

    Extensible Markup Language (XML)

    Database, SQL and ADO.NET

    ASP.NET 2.0, Web Forms and Web Controls

    Web Services

    Networking: Streams-Based Sockets and Datagrams

    Searching and Sorting

    Data Structures



    Appendix A. Operator Precedence Chart

    Appendix B. Number Systems

    Appendix C. Using the Visual Studio 2005 Debugger

    Appendix D. ASCII Character Set

    Appendix E. Unicode®

    Appendix F. Introduction to XHTML: Part 1

    Appendix G. Introduction to XHTML: Part 2

    Appendix H. HTML/XHTML Special Characters

    Appendix I. HTML/XHTML Colors

    Appendix J. ATM Case Study Code

    Appendix K. UML 2: Additional Diagram Types

    Appendix L. Simple Types


    Visual C# How to Program
    Visual C# 2005 How to Program (2nd Edition)
    ISBN: 0131525239
    EAN: 2147483647
    Year: 2004
    Pages: 600 © 2008-2020.
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