Menu Bar and Toolbar

Commands for managing the IDE and for developing, maintaining and executing programs are contained in menus, which are located on the menu bar of the IDE (Fig. 2.7). Note that the set of menus displayed in Fig. 2.7 changes based on what you are currently doing in the IDE.

Figure 2.7. Visual Studio menu bar.

Menus contain groups of related commands (also called menu items) that, when selected, cause the IDE to perform specific actions (e.g., open a window, save a file, print a file and execute a program). For example, new projects can be created by selecting File > New Project.... The menus depicted in Fig. 2.7 are summarized in Fig. 2.8. In Chapter 14, Graphical User Interface Concepts: Part 2, we discuss how to create and add your own menus and menu items to your programs.

Figure 2.8. Summary of Visual Studio 2005 IDE menus.

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Menu

Description

File

Contains commands for opening, closing, adding and saving projects, as well as printing project data and exiting Visual Studio.

Edit

Contains commands for editing programs, such as cut, copy, paste, undo, redo, delete, find and select.

View

Contains commands for displaying windows (e.g., Solution Explorer, Toolbox, Properties window) and for adding toolbars to the IDE.

Project

Contains commands for managing projects and their files.

Build

Contains commands for compiling a program.

Debug

Contains commands for debugging (i.e., identifying and correcting problems in a program) and running a program. Debugging is discussed in detail in Appendix C.

Data

Contains commands for interacting with databases (i.e., organized collections of data stored on computers), which we discuss in Chapter 20, Database, SQL and ADO.NET).

Format

Contains commands for arranging and modifying a form's controls. Note that the Format menu appears only when a GUI component is selected in Design view.

Tools

Contains commands for accessing additional IDE tools (e.g., the Toolbox) and options that enable you to customize the IDE.

Window

Contains commands for arranging and displaying windows.

Community

Contains commands for sending questions directly to Microsoft, checking question status, sending feedback on Visual C# and searching the CodeZone developer center and the Microsoft developers community site.

Help

Contains commands for accessing the IDE's help features.

Rather than navigating the menus from the menu bar, you can access many of the more common commands from the toolbar (Fig. 2.9), which contains graphics, called icons, that graphically represent commands. [Note: Figure 2.9 divides the toolbar into two parts so that we can illustrate the graphics more clearlythe toolbar appears on one line inside the IDE.] By default, the standard toolbar is displayed when you run Visual Studio for the first time; it contains icons for the most commonly used commands, such as opening a file, adding an item to a project, saving and running (Fig. 2.9). Some commands are initially disabled (i.e., unavailable to use). These commands, which are initially grayed out, are enabled by Visual Studio only when they are necessary. For example, Visual Studio enables the command for saving a file once you begin editing the file.

Figure 2.9. Standard toolbar in Visual Studio.

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a)

b)

You can customize the IDE by adding more toolbars. Select View > Toolbars (Fig. 2.10). Each toolbar you select will be displayed with the other toolbars at the top of the Visual Studio window (Fig. 2.10). Another way in which you can add toolbars to your IDE (which we do not show in this chapter) is through selecting Tools > Customize. Then, under the Toolbars tab, select the additional toolbars you would like to have appear in the IDE.

Figure 2.10. Adding the Build toolbar to the IDE.

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To execute a command via the toolbar, click its icon. Some icons contain a down arrow that, when clicked, displays a related command or commands, as shown in Fig. 2.11.

Figure 2.11. IDE toolbar icon showing additional commands.

It is difficult to remember what each of the icons on the toolbar represents. Positioning the mouse pointer over an icon highlights it and, after a brief delay, displays a description of the icon called a tool tip (Fig. 2.12). Tool tips help novice programmers become familiar with the IDE's features and serve as useful reminders of each toolbar icon's functionality.

Figure 2.12. Tool tip demonstration.


Preface

Index

    Introduction to Computers, the Internet and Visual C#

    Introduction to the Visual C# 2005 Express Edition IDE

    Introduction to C# Applications

    Introduction to Classes and Objects

    Control Statements: Part 1

    Control Statements: Part 2

    Methods: A Deeper Look

    Arrays

    Classes and Objects: A Deeper Look

    Object-Oriented Programming: Inheritance

    Polymorphism, Interfaces & Operator Overloading

    Exception Handling

    Graphical User Interface Concepts: Part 1

    Graphical User Interface Concepts: Part 2

    Multithreading

    Strings, Characters and Regular Expressions

    Graphics and Multimedia

    Files and Streams

    Extensible Markup Language (XML)

    Database, SQL and ADO.NET

    ASP.NET 2.0, Web Forms and Web Controls

    Web Services

    Networking: Streams-Based Sockets and Datagrams

    Searching and Sorting

    Data Structures

    Generics

    Collections

    Appendix A. Operator Precedence Chart

    Appendix B. Number Systems

    Appendix C. Using the Visual Studio 2005 Debugger

    Appendix D. ASCII Character Set

    Appendix E. Unicode®

    Appendix F. Introduction to XHTML: Part 1

    Appendix G. Introduction to XHTML: Part 2

    Appendix H. HTML/XHTML Special Characters

    Appendix I. HTML/XHTML Colors

    Appendix J. ATM Case Study Code

    Appendix K. UML 2: Additional Diagram Types

    Appendix L. Simple Types

    Index



    Visual C# How to Program
    Visual C# 2005 How to Program (2nd Edition)
    ISBN: 0131525239
    EAN: 2147483647
    Year: 2004
    Pages: 600

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