You might monitor the Cisco IPC Express system with Syslog messages and Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) Management Information Base (MIB). You also can monitor call activity information through Syslog messages and Call Detail Records (CDRs).
Monitoring IP Phones Using Cisco CME Syslog Messages
Cisco CME 3.0 introduced type 6 Syslog messages, as shown in Example 14-37, for IP phone registration and deregistration events. These Syslog messages are useful for a central NMS to manage Cisco CME systems and IP phones.
Example 14-37. Type 6 Syslog Messages
%IPPHONE-6-REG_ALARM %IPPHONE-6-REGISTER %IPPHONE-6-REGISTER_NEW %IPPHONE-6-UNREGISTER_ABNORMAL %IPPHONE-6-REGISTER_NORMAL Example Message: %IPPHONE-6-REGISTER_NEW: ephone-3:SEP003094C38724 IP:18.104.22.168 Socket:1 DeviceType:Phone has registered.
The IPPHONE-6-REGISTER_NEW message shown in Example 14-37 indicates that a phone has registered and that it is not part of the explicit router configuration. In other words, the ephone configuration has not yet been created. Cisco CME allows unconfigured phones to register to make provisioning of the Cisco CME system more convenient. By default, phones designated as new are not assigned phone lines; therefore, they cannot make calls until they are configured into the system.
Enable the Cisco IOS logging capability to log all the Syslog events into the buffer on the Cisco CME router, or send the Syslog messages to a Syslog server for offline management, as shown in Example 14-38.
Example 14-38. Enabling Syslogging
telephony-service#(config)#service timestamps log datetime msec localtime telephony-service #(config)#aaa new-model telephony-service #(config)#aaa authentication login default none telephony-service #(config)#aaa accounting connection H.323 start-stop radius telephony-service #(config)#gw-accounting syslog telephony-service #(config)#logging 10.10.10.1 !!! 10.10.10.1 is the ip address of syslog server, multiple servers might also be specified
To synchronize your Cisco CME system to an external NTP server, use the following:
ntp server ip-address !!! ip address - IP address of the time server providing the clock synchronization
If there is no external NTP time source, use the internal router clock as the time source:
To ensure that the time stamps are correct, set the router clock to the correct time:
clock set 15:15:00 might 31 2001
You can specify multiple Syslog servers for redundancy, because Syslog uses UDP as the underlying transport mechanism and data packets are unsequenced and unacknowledged.
In addition to the Syslog messages from Cisco CME, you can also set up Cisco UE for logging to an external Syslog server in addition to logging a message locally to its own storage. Use the following command:
cue(config)#log server 10.10.10.1
Monitoring Call Activity
NMS systems can retrieve CDRs and call history information in any of the following ways:
The next sections describe how you can monitor call activities, CDR logs, billing records, and voice performance statistics in more detail.
Monitoring Cisco CME Call History
The Cisco CME GUI provides call history information in the Reports > Call History window so that a network administrator can monitor for unknown callers or disallowed calling activities based on calling patterns. Configure the call history log to perform any forensics and accounting to track down fraudulent calling patterns, as shown in Example 14-39.
Example 14-39. Configuring Call History
router#show running-config dial-control-mib retain-timer 10080 dial-control-mib max-size 500 ! gw-accounting syslog logging 10.10.10.1
Logging CDR to External Servers
You might follow the same method discussed earlier in the section "Monitoring IP Phones Using Cisco CME Syslog Messages" to allow Syslog messages to be logged to an external server and to log CDRs to an external server. Cisco CME allows you to log CDRs for accounting or billing purposes to an external AAA server (RADIUS or TACACS). This provides CDR logging, post call record processing, and a billing report generation facility. You can use a MindCTI (http://www.mindcti.com/) RADIUS server or a Cisco Secure Access Control Server (ACS) to provide billing support and view CDR details.
To configure RADIUS on your Cisco CME router, perform the following tasks:
Example 14-40 is a sample configuration that allows the Cisco CME router to generate and send VoIP CDRs to an external RADIUS server.
Example 14-40. Logging CDR to a RADIUS Server
router#show running-config aaa new-model aaa authentication login default group radius !! Login Authentication using RADIUS server aaa authorization config-commands aaa authorization exec default if-authenticated group radius aaa authorization network default group radius !! Authorization for network resources aaa authorization configuration default group radius !! Authorization for global config mode aaa accounting send stop-record authentication failure !! Start-Stop Accounting services aaa accounting update periodic 1 aaa accounting network default start-stop group radius !! For local Authentication aaa accounting connection default start-stop group radius !! For local Authentication aaa accounting connection h323 start-stop group radius !! For Voice Call Accounting aaa accounting system default start-stop group radius aaa accounting resource default start-stop group radius aaa session-id common ! gw-accounting h323 !! H.323 gateway Accounting gw-accounting syslog !! Optional - for system log information gw-accounting voip !! VoIP call Accounting ! Router RADIUS Server configuration: radius-server host 22.214.171.124 auth-port 1645 acct-port 1646 !! RADIUS Server host address radius-server retransmit 30 !! RADIUS messages update interval radius-server key cisco !! RADIUS server secure key
Using Account Codes for Billing
Cisco CME provides account code support into CDRs, which a RADIUS server or customer billing server then can use for the billing process. The Cisco 7960 and 7940 IP Phones support an acct softkey so that users can enter an account code from an IP phone during the call ringing (alerting) or active (connected) states. This account code is also added to the Cisco-VOICE-DIAL-CONTROL-MIB SNMP MIB.
You can view the Account Code field in the show call active voice log, as shown in Example 14-41.
Example 14-41. Viewing the Account Code
router#show call active voice Telephony call-legs: 2 SIP call-legs: 0 H.323 call-legs: 0 MGCP call-legs: 0 Total call-legs: 2 ! GENERIC: SetupTime=97147870 ms Index=1 PeerAddress=2001 ! TELE: AccountCode 1234
Note that this Account Code field can also be added to the Vendor-Specific Attribute (VSA) fields for CDR. For more information on Cisco VSA, go to Cisco.com and search for "Cisco VSA Implementation Guide."
Monitoring Voice Performance Statistics
If you are running Cisco IOS release 12.3(4)T or later, you might take advantage of the Cisco Voice Performance Statistics to collect voice call signaling statistics and VoIP AAA accounting statistics based on user-configured time ranges. The statistics can be displayed on your console or can be formatted and archived to an FTP or Syslog server. This feature can help you diagnose performance problems on the network, and identify impaired voice equipment.
Example 14-42 shows an example of the amount of memory used for accounting and signaling call statistics records (CSRs) by fixed interval and since a reset or reboot. It also shows the estimated memory allocated for future use.
Example 14-42. Call Statistics Record Memory Allocation
router#show voice statistics memory-usage csr *** Voice Call Statistics Record Memory Usage *** Fixed Interval Option - CSR size: 136 bytes Number of CSR per interval: 9 Used memory size (proximate): 0 Estimated future claimed memory size (proximate): 10 Since Reset Option - CSR size: 136 bytes Total count of CSR: 9 Used memory size (proximate): 1224 *** Voice Call Statistics Accounting Record Memory Usage *** Fixed Interval Option - ACCT REC size: 80 bytes Number of ACCT REC per interval: 1 Used memory size (proximate): 0 Estimated future claimed memory size (proximate): 25 Since Reset Option - ACCT REC size: 80 bytes Total count of ACCT REC: 1 Used memory size (proximate): 80
For more information, you can refer to the Cisco IOS 12.3(4)T documentation and read about "Voice Performance Statistics on Cisco Gateways."
Using Cisco CME Supported SNMP MIBs
You might leverage Cisco SNMP router MIBs for Cisco CME management. The following are examples of supported MIBs:
Managing Cisco IPC Express Systems by Managed Services and Enterprises
Part I: Cisco IP Communications Express Overview
Introducing Cisco IPC Express
Building a Cisco IPC Express Network
Cisco IPC Express Architecture Overview
Part II: Feature Operation and Applications
Cisco IP Phone Options
Cisco CME Call Processing Features
Cisco CME PSTN Connectivity Options
Connecting Multiple Cisco CMEs with VoIP
Integrating Cisco CME with Cisco CallManager
Cisco IPC Express Automated Attendant Options
Cisco IPC Express Integrated Voice Mail
Cisco CME External Voice Mail Options
Additional External Applications with Cisco CME
Part III: Administration and Management
Cisco IPC Express General Administration and Initial System Setup
Configuring and Managing Cisco IPC Express Systems
Cisco IPC Express System Configuration Example
Part IV: Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting Basic Cisco IPC Express Features
Troubleshooting Advanced Cisco CME Features
Troubleshooting Cisco CME Network Integration
Troubleshooting Cisco UE System Features
Troubleshooting Cisco UE Automated Attendant
Troubleshooting Cisco UE Integrated Voice Mail Features
Part V: Appendixes
Appendix A. Cisco IPC Express Features, Releases, and Ordering Information
Appendix B. Sample Cisco UE AA Scripts
Appendix C. Cisco Unity Express Database Schema