Variables

Variables are used to store data and can be classified into two primary categoriesregular variables and object reference variables. A regular variable is used to store a literal string as the program executes. This type of variable can be subdivided into scalar and variant variables.

A scalar variable is used to store data based on a specific data type. In other words, the variable type and data value must be compatible. A variable that's defined as an integer could store a number but could not store a text string. The following describes the various scalar data types.

Scalar Type

Keyword

Symbol

Description

Integer

INTEGER

%

Used to store whole numbers between 32,768 and +32,767.

Long

LONG

&

Used to store large numbers between 2,147,483,648 and +2,147,483,647.

Single

SINGLE

!

Used to store floating-point numbers that range between + or 7 floating point digits.

Double

DOUBLE

#

Used to store double-precision floating-point numbers that range between + or 17 floating point digits.

Currency

CURRENCY

@

Used to store currency values.

String

STRING

$

Used to store alphanumeric text string values.

The symbols are suffix characters that can be used as variable identifiers as well as to implicitly declare the variable. An implicitly defined variable does not require a DIM statement. However, best practices suggest that you should always declare all variables.

Variant variables, on the other hand, are considered to be general purpose and can accept data regardless of the data value. These variables can store any type of value including numbers, strings, arrays, and built-in constant values such as NULL and EMPTY. Although this variable type provides the flexibility to store varying types of data, it's important to understand that it requires more memory and is processed more slowly than scalar variables. Where possible, the use of variant variables should be minimized.

Object reference variables, as the name implies, are used to associate an object with a LotusScript variable. After a variable has been associated with an object, you can obtain its properties or manipulate its content. Figure 6.2 illustrates the relationship between each of the variables.

Figure 6.2. Types of variables



An Introduction to the Lotus Domino Tool Suite

Getting Started with Designer

Navigating the Domino Designer Workspace

Domino Design Elements

An Introduction to Formula Language

An Introduction to LotusScript

Fundamentals of a Notes Application

Calendar Applications

Collaborative Applications

Reference Library Applications

Workflow Applications

Web Applications

Design Enhancements Using LotusScript

Design Enhancements Using Formula Language

View Enhancements

Sample Agents

Miscellaneous Enhancements and Tips for Domino Databases

Data Management

Security

Application Deployment and Maintenance

Troubleshooting

Appendix A. Online Project Files and Sample Applications

Appendix B. IBM® Lotus® Notes® and Domino®Whats Next?



Lotus Notes Developer's Toolbox(c) Tips for Rapid and Successful Deployment
Lotus Notes Developers Toolbox: Tips for Rapid and Successful Deployment
ISBN: 0132214482
EAN: 2147483647
Year: N/A
Pages: 293
Authors: Mark Elliott

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