Hide Text and Design Elements Based on a Users Role

Hide Text and Design Elements Based on a User s Role

One way to control visibility of text, buttons, fields, forms, views, and other design elements is through the use of roles. Using roles, you can manage the display of information or database functionality. For example, you can custom-tailor instructions for completing a form based on the user's role, where one paragraph is displayed to users assigned the "Employee" role and a different set of instructions is displayed for those assigned the "TeamLead" role. Roles can also be used to manage the display of action buttons, the visibility of database views, or the ability to access a controlled section on a document.

Note

Hiding a field based on a user role is not a security feature. Users will still be able to view fields using the Document Properties dialog box. See Chapter 19, "Security," for additional information regarding document security.

 

How It Works

The @UserRoles function returns the current roles assigned to a given person. When added to the Hide paragraph when formula is true property section, you can manage the display of text, a field, or an action button, among others. Roles are created in the Access Control List (ACL) for the database, as illustrated in Figure 14.12.

Figure 14.12. The Roles section of the Access Control List

After the role is created, the role must be assigned to a person, server, or group. This is also accomplished in the Basics tab of the database ACL. See Chapter 19 for additional information pertaining to database security.

Note

The @UserRoles function only works on server-based databases or local databases where the Enforce a consistent ACL across all replicas property has been enabled.

 

Implementation

The following outlines how to use roles to manage the display of design elements and data.

Step 1.

First, create the roles for the database. Select the File > Database > Access Control menu options. You must have "Manager" level authority in order to change the ACL settings for the database. When the dialog is displayed, switch to tab 2 (left side). Click the Add button to define one or more roles for the database. Then switch to the Basics tab and assign the role(s) to a person, server, or group.
 

   

Step 2.

Create a design element, such as a button, field, or view. Open the properties dialog for the design element and locate the tab that contains the "Hide When" settings. This tab will contain a "window shade" icon on the tab. The location of this tab will vary based on the design element. Figure 14.13 depicts the property setting for a field, which is located on tab 6.


 

Figure 14.13. Set the "Hide When" formula based on a user's role

 

Step 3.

Select the Hide paragraph if formula is true option and insert the following formula. Be sure to replace the role with a valid role name (as illustrated in Figure 14.13). This first formula will hide the element if the user has the specified role.
 

@Contains (@UserRoles; "[ROLENAME]");

Conversely, to implement a formula that checks whether the user does not have a particular role, simply prefix the formula with an exclamation point "!". The exclamation point is a logical "Not" character.
 
!@Contains (@UserRoles; "[ROLENAME]");
 

Note

Be sure to include the left and right brackets when referencing a role. These characters are required in order to reference the role.


Working with @DBColumn

An Introduction to the Lotus Domino Tool Suite

Getting Started with Designer

Navigating the Domino Designer Workspace

Domino Design Elements

An Introduction to Formula Language

An Introduction to LotusScript

Fundamentals of a Notes Application

Calendar Applications

Collaborative Applications

Reference Library Applications

Workflow Applications

Web Applications

Design Enhancements Using LotusScript

Design Enhancements Using Formula Language

View Enhancements

Sample Agents

Miscellaneous Enhancements and Tips for Domino Databases

Data Management

Security

Application Deployment and Maintenance

Troubleshooting

Appendix A. Online Project Files and Sample Applications

Appendix B. IBM® Lotus® Notes® and Domino®Whats Next?

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Lotus Notes Developer's Toolbox(c) Tips for Rapid and Successful Deployment
Lotus Notes Developers Toolbox: Tips for Rapid and Successful Deployment
ISBN: 0132214482
EAN: 2147483647
Year: N/A
Pages: 293
Authors: Mark Elliott
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