.NODE

Compare Two Dates

The purpose of this subroutine is to compare two dates. This code may be useful when performing field validation for a form or to check if the selected date is in the past. For example, you may want to compare today's date with a date on a form. If the date is in the past, you could display a warning message.

How It Works

Two date values are assigned to the DateTime1 and DateTime2 objects. In the first example, DateTime1 holds the current calendar date while DateTime2 references a field on a form. After they are assigned, the dates can be compared using the IF statement. It's important to understand that both date/time values must be strings. When using hard-coded dates, the value must be enclosed in double quotes (in the format mm/dd/yyyy). When using a field, the retrieved field value must also be a string.

Use the TEXT property to ensure that the returned field value is a string. In the following examples, the dateTime2 statement could be replaced with the following to ensure that the returned value equates to a string.

Set dateTime2=New NotesDateTime(doc.GetFirstItem("FIELD").text)

 

ImplementationExample 1

Date checks are often implemented in data validation and could be added to a QuerySave event or other event within a form, agent, or view. To implement a date comparison, assign a date value to both date objects.

Dim w As New NotesUIWorkspace
Dim s As New NotesSession
Dim db As NotesDatabase
Dim uidoc As NotesUIDocument
Dim doc As NotesDocument
Set s = New NotesSession
Set db = s.CurrentDatabase
Set uidoc = w.CurrentDocument
Set doc = uidoc.Document
Dim dateTime1 As NotesDateTime
Dim dateTime2 As NotesDateTime

' Both values MUST be a STRING.
Set dateTime1 = New NotesDateTime( "Today" )
Set dateTime2 = New NotesDateTime( doc.FIELD(0) )

If dateTime2.DateOnly < dateTime1.DateOnly Then
 Msgbox "Date1 is greater than Date2"
Elseif dateTime2.DateOnly > dateTime1.DateOnly Then
 Msgbox "Date1 is less than Date2"
Else
 Msgbox "Date1 equals Date2"
End If

 

ImplementationExample 2

Alternatively, you may require a minimum number of days for a user-specified date. Let's say you have a form with a "desired completion date" field and you require 14 days for all service request documents. Using the AdjustDay method, you could compare the dates. If the date is less than the adjusted date, a warning message is displayed.

Dim w As New NotesUIWorkspace
Dim s As New NotesSession
Dim db As NotesDatabase
Dim uidoc As NotesUIDocument
Dim doc As NotesDocument
Set s = New NotesSession
Set db = s.CurrentDatabase
Set uidoc = w.CurrentDocument
Set doc = uidoc.Document

Dim dateTime1 As NotesDateTime
Dim dateTime2 As NotesDateTime

Set dateTime1 = New NotesDateTime( "Today" )
Call dateTime1.AdjustDay( 14 )
Set dateTime2 = New NotesDateTime( doc.FIELD(0) )

If dateTime2.DateOnly < dateTime1.DateOnly Then
 Msgbox "2 weeks advance notice is required for all requests"
 ' continue = false ' Uncomment to halt the document save
 ' Exit Sub ' Uncomment to exit event
Else
 Msgbox "Thank you for advance notice."
End If

Tip

To implement this technique as part of data validation for a form, add the previous code to the form's QuerySave event and set Continue to false if the values do not pass the validation check. This will halt execution of the document save. To halt execution of the QuerySave code, you could also include an Exit Sub statement after displaying the validation error message. See additional information later on data validation. Both statements are included in the code. To implement, uncomment the appropriate statement.

Tip

To compare two date fields on a form, replace the value stored in DateTime1 with a field reference. For example, change

Set dateTime1 = New NotesDateTime("Today")

to reference a field on the form

Set dateTime1 = New NotesDateTime(doc.FIELD(0))

 


An Introduction to the Lotus Domino Tool Suite

Getting Started with Designer

Navigating the Domino Designer Workspace

Domino Design Elements

An Introduction to Formula Language

An Introduction to LotusScript

Fundamentals of a Notes Application

Calendar Applications

Collaborative Applications

Reference Library Applications

Workflow Applications

Web Applications

Design Enhancements Using LotusScript

Design Enhancements Using Formula Language

View Enhancements

Sample Agents

Miscellaneous Enhancements and Tips for Domino Databases

Data Management

Security

Application Deployment and Maintenance

Troubleshooting

Appendix A. Online Project Files and Sample Applications

Appendix B. IBM® Lotus® Notes® and Domino®Whats Next?

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Lotus Notes Developer's Toolbox(c) Tips for Rapid and Successful Deployment
Lotus Notes Developers Toolbox: Tips for Rapid and Successful Deployment
ISBN: 0132214482
EAN: 2147483647
Year: N/A
Pages: 293
Authors: Mark Elliott
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