My personal type aesthetic is a minimalist one, though I wonder if this is just laziness: If less is more, then maybe I can get away with knowing fewer typefaces. Perhaps more is more, but the reality is that it's better to know and understand a few typefaces well than to have a font list a mile long and only a passing acquaintance with the fonts that are on it.
Choosing a typeface is about enhancing the meaning of the text you are working with. It's also about meeting the expectations and matching the tastes of your client. In a perfect world, we'd all read and thoroughly digest the text documents we are given to work with as raw materials. Depending on the length of your documents, that may or may not be possible, but you should at least have an understanding of the intended message.
Figure 3.1. A page from Adobe's online type library.
Part I: Character Formats
Going with the Flow
Getting the Lead Out
Kern, Baby, Kern
Sweating the Small Stuff: Special Characters, White Space, and Glyphs
OpenType: The New Frontier in Font Technology
Part II: Paragraph Formats
Aligning Your Type
Paragraph Indents and Spacing
First Impressions: Creating Great Opening Paragraphs
Dont Fear the Hyphen
Mastering Tabs and Tables
Part III: Styles
Stylin with Paragraph and Character Styles
Part IV: Page Layout
Setting Up Your Document
Everything in Its Right Place: Using Grids
Text Wraps: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly