Creating Your First ASP.NET Web Application

Discussing ASP.NET in depth is beyond the scope of this book. In this chapter we will take an "as needed" approach, discussing only the techniques we will use in our applications. If you are looking for an introductory ASP.NET book, try Essential ASP.NET by Fritz Onion (published by Addison-Wesley).

To understand ASP.NET and Visual Studio .NET integration, we will write a simple non-GDI+ Web application. In this application we will add some controls to a Web page: a generic button, a text box, and an Image button. After adding these controls, we will write code in the button click event handler that will read the contents of the text box as a file name and display the file in the Image button. Let's get started!

12.1.1 Creating a Web Application Project

Creating a new ASP.NET Web application using Visual Studio .NET is simple: First we create a new project by choosing File | New | Project | Visual C# Projects and then selecting the ASP.NET Web Application template. As Figure 12.3 shows, we give our application the name FirstWebApp. It resides in the GDIPlusGuide folder of localhost, which is the default Web server on our local machine.

Figure 12.3. The FirstWebApp project

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The Location box displays the default option of http://localhost and the application name. Here localhost represents the default IIS server running on our local machine. The default virtual directory for localhost is C:Inetpubwwwroot.

Note

If you are using a remote server for your development, you'll need to provide your server name instead of localhost. You can either create the project in the root of the server or create a new folder.

Clicking the OK button creates a new directory, FirstWebApp in the server's virtual directory. It also creates a new Web application and sends us to the default WebForm1.aspx page (see Figure 12.4).

Figure 12.4. The default WebForm1.aspx page

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From here we can edit our page's HTML. Two modes are available: Design and HTML (see the bottom left corner of Figure 12.4). We click the HTML button to edit the code, as shown in Figure 12.5.

Figure 12.5. The HTML view of WebForm1.aspx

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The HTML view shows us the HTML code of a page, its controls, and its control properties. The HTML editor also lets us edit the HTML manually. (Although we can edit the code of a page manually in HTML view, we will not need to do that for the examples in this book.)

If we switch back to the design mode and right-click on the page, we see several options: View HTML Source, Build Style, View in Browser, View Code, Synchronize Document Outline, and so on.

We can set the properties of a page by selecting Properties from the context menu (which we bring up with a right mouse-click). The Properties menu opens the DOCUMENT Property Pages window (see Figure 12.6). Three tabs are available in this window: General, Color and Margins, and Keywords. Most of the properties are self-explanatory. The General tab contains page title, background image, target schema, character set, page layout, and client and server language properties.

Figure 12.6. An ASP.NET document's page properties

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The Page Layout property has two options: GridLayout and FlowLayout. We use GridLayout when we want to drop controls to the page and reposition them. If we want to add text to the page, we must set the page layout to FlowLayout. After we set the Page Layout property to FlowLayout, the editor works as a text editor.

12.1.2 Adding Web Controls to a Web Form

Visual Studio .NET provides a Web Forms control toolbox that's similar to the Windows control toolbox. We can open the toolbox by selecting the View | Toolbox main menu item. The Web Forms category of the toolbox contains the server-side controls (controls available on the server, for which all processing is done on the server). When a browser requests a control, ASP.NET converts the request into HTML and sends it to the browser. The HTML category contains HTML controls. HTML controls are simple HTML tags with all processing done on the client side. As a result, HTML controls are often faster than server-side controls.

Let's switch the page back to the Design and GridLayout mode and add a button, a text box, and an Image control to the page by dragging these controls from the Web Forms toolbox to WebForm1.aspx. We will use the View Image button to view an image. The ImageUrl property of the View Image button represents the image that this control will view.

The page should now look like Figure 12.7 (after you position your controls). As the figure shows, we change the button's text to "View Image" by right-clicking on the Properties menu item, which launches the Properties window.

Figure 12.7. The WebForm1.aspx design mode after the addition of Web Forms controls

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12.1.3 Writing Code on the Button Click Event Handler

The last step of this tutorial is to add an event handler for the button click event, which will set the ImageUrl property of the Image button. This is similar to adding a control event in a Windows Forms application. You can double-click on the button to add a button click event handler.

Double-clicking on the button adds a Button1_Click method to the WebForm1.aspx.cs class, which hosts code for the page controls and events. Now we write a line of code that sets the ImageUrl property of the Image control as the text of the TextBox control. The button click event handler code is given in Listing 12.1.

Listing 12.1 The button click event handler

private void Button1_Click(object sender,
System.EventArgs e)
{
Image1.ImageUrl = TextBox1.Text;
}

Now compile and run the project. In the text box we type "http://www.c-sharpcorner.com/cslogo101.gif" (or any valid image URL) as the URL name and click the View Image button. The output of the program looks like Figure 12.8.

Figure 12.8. Viewing an image in an Image control

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Now that we have seen how to create a simple Web application using Visual Studio .NET and ASP.NET, in the next section we will move on to GDI+ and show how to use GDI+ to write graphics Web applications.

GDI+: The Next-Generation Graphics Interface

Your First GDI+ Application

The Graphics Class

Working with Brushes and Pens

Colors, Fonts, and Text

Rectangles and Regions

Working with Images

Advanced Imaging

Advanced 2D Graphics

Transformation

Printing

Developing GDI+ Web Applications

GDI+ Best Practices and Performance Techniques

GDI Interoperability

Miscellaneous GDI+ Examples

Appendix A. Exception Handling in .NET



GDI+ Programming with C#
GDI+ Programming with C#
ISBN: 073561265X
EAN: N/A
Year: 2003
Pages: 145

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