Drawing Images on the Web

The process of drawing images on the Web is slightly different from that of drawing images on Windows Forms. In Windows Forms we create a Bitmap object and call the Graphics.DrawImage method. Drawing on the Web requires a Graphics object. The Bitmap.Save method takes care of the rest, as discussed earlier.

To test this, let's create a Web application using Visual Studio .NET and add the code given in Listing 12.5 on the page-load event. This code views an image on the browser. First we create a Bitmap object from an image, then we create a Graphics object from the image, and then we call the Save method of Bitmap.

Listing 12.5 Drawing images on the Web

// Create a Bitmap object from a file
Bitmap curBitmap =
 new Bitmap("d:\white_salvia.jpg");
// Create a Graphics object from Bitmap
Graphics g = Graphics.FromImage(curBitmap);
// Send output to the browser
curBitmap.Save(this.Response.OutputStream,
 ImageFormat.Jpeg);
// Dispose of object
g.Dispose();

Notice that we didn't even need to call the DrawImage method. Figure 12.11 shows the output from Listing 12.5.

Figure 12.11. Drawing an image

graphics/12fig11.jpg

12.4.1 Setting Image Quality

As we discussed in Chapter 3, the SmoothingMode and TextRenderingHint properties of the Graphics object can be used to set the quality of images and text, respectively. GDI+ cannot draw text directly into a Web application. Like lines, curves, and other graphics shapes, text must also be rendered as an image for display in the browser. All graphics lines, curves, shapes, text, and images are first converted to an image and directed to a browser, so only the SmoothingMode property will be applicable. SmoothingMode has five members: AntiAlias, Default, HighQuality, HighSpeed, and None. The following code snippet sets the smoothing mode of the Graphics object:


 
// Set modes
g.SmoothingMode = SmoothingMode.AntiAlias;

 

12.4.2 Using LinearGradientBrush and PathGradientBrush

You can use linear and path gradient brushes in Web applications just as we did in Chapter 4. Listing 12.6 uses LinearGradientBrush and PathGradientBrush to fill a rectangle and a path. First we create a linear gradient brush and a graphics path, and we add two ellipses to the graphics path.

Next we create a path gradient brush, which takes the path as its only parameter, and we set the CenterColor property of the path. Then we create Bitmap and Graphics objects and call Graphics.FillPath and Graphics.FillRectangle, which fill a path and rectangle, respectively.

As in the previous examples, finally we call the Bitmap.Save method and dispose of the objects.

Listing 12.6 Using LinearGradientBrush and PathGradientBrush

private void Page_Load(object sender,
 System.EventArgs e)
{
 // Create a linear gradient brush
 LinearGradientBrush lgBrush =
 new LinearGradientBrush(
 new Rectangle(0, 0, 10, 10),
 Color.Yellow, Color.Blue,
 LinearGradientMode.ForwardDiagonal);
 // Create a path
 GraphicsPath path = new GraphicsPath();
 path.AddEllipse(50, 50, 150, 150);
 path.AddEllipse(10, 10, 50, 50);
 // Create a path gradient brush
 PathGradientBrush pgBrush =
 new PathGradientBrush(path);
 pgBrush.CenterColor = Color.Red;
 // Create Bitmap and Graphics objects
 Bitmap curBitmap = new Bitmap(500, 300);
 Graphics g = Graphics.FromImage(curBitmap);
 g.SmoothingMode = SmoothingMode.AntiAlias;
 g.FillPath(pgBrush, path);
 g.FillRectangle(lgBrush, 250, 20, 100, 100);
 curBitmap.Save(this.Response.OutputStream,
 ImageFormat.Jpeg);
 g.Dispose();
}

Figure 12.12 shows the output from Listing 12.6.

Figure 12.12. Using LinearGradientBrush and PathGradientBrush

graphics/12fig12.jpg

12.4.3 Drawing Transparent Graphics Objects

The alpha component of a color represents its transparency. Alpha component values vary from 0 to 255, where 0 indicates fully transparent and 255 indicates opaque. Listing 12.7 draws a rectangle, an ellipse, and text on top of an image.

Listing 12.7 Drawing semitransparent objects

// Create Bitmap and Graphics objects
Bitmap curBitmap = new Bitmap("c:\flower13.jpg");
Graphics g = Graphics.FromImage(curBitmap);
g.SmoothingMode = SmoothingMode.AntiAlias;
// Create brushes and pens with alpha values
Color redColor = Color.FromArgb(120, 0, 0, 255);
Pen alphaPen = new Pen(redColor, 10);
SolidBrush alphaBrush =
 new SolidBrush(Color.FromArgb(90, 0, 255, 0));
// Draw a rectangle, an ellipse, and text
g.DrawRectangle(alphaPen, 100, 100, 50, 100);
g.FillEllipse(alphaBrush, 50, 50, 100, 100);
g.DrawString("Alpha String",
 new Font("Tahoma", 30),
 new SolidBrush(Color.FromArgb(150, 160, 0, 0)),
 new PointF(20, 20));
curBitmap.Save(this.Response.OutputStream,
 ImageFormat.Jpeg);
g.Dispose();

First we create Bitmap and Graphics objects and set the Graphics smoothing mode. Then we create a color with transparency using the Color.FromArgb method, where transparency is the first parameter. Next, using the following code, we create a pen from this semitransparent color, which gives us a semitransparent pen:


 
Color redColor = Color.FromArgb(120, 0, 0, 255);
Pen alphaPen = new Pen(redColor, 10);

 

We also create a semitransparent brush by passing a semitransparent color as a parameter to SolidBrush, as follows:


 
SolidBrush alphaBrush =
 new SolidBrush(Color.FromArgb(90, 0, 255, 0));

 

Now to draw transparent shapes, we simply use the transparent brushes and pens. As Figure 12.13 shows, the graphics shapes are semitransparent.

Figure 12.13. Drawing semitransparent objects

graphics/12fig13.jpg

GDI+: The Next-Generation Graphics Interface

Your First GDI+ Application

The Graphics Class

Working with Brushes and Pens

Colors, Fonts, and Text

Rectangles and Regions

Working with Images

Advanced Imaging

Advanced 2D Graphics

Transformation

Printing

Developing GDI+ Web Applications

GDI+ Best Practices and Performance Techniques

GDI Interoperability

Miscellaneous GDI+ Examples

Appendix A. Exception Handling in .NET



GDI+ Programming with C#
GDI+ Programming with C#
ISBN: 073561265X
EAN: N/A
Year: 2003
Pages: 145

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