Domain Name System

Domain Name System (DNS) implementations require application inspection to allow the DNS queries not to rely on the generic UDP handling based on activity timeouts. As a security mechanism, the UDP connections associated with DNS queries and responses are torn down as soon as a reply to a DNS query has been received in the Cisco ASA. This is similar to the DNS Guard feature in Cisco PIX Firewall.

Cisco ASA DNS inspection provides the following benefits:

  • Guarantees that the ID of the DNS reply matches the ID of the DNS query.
  • Allows the translation of DNS packets using NAT.
  • Reassembles the DNS packet to verify its length. The Cisco ASA allows DNS packets up to 65,535 bytes. When necessary, reassembly is done to verify that the packet length is less than the maximum length specified by the user. The packet is dropped if it is not compliant.

To enable DNS inspection, use the inspect dns command. You can also specify the maximum DNS packet length, as shown in Example 8-7.

Example 8-7. Enabling DNS Inspection

Chicago(config)# policy-map global_policy

Chicago(config-pmap)# class inspection_default

Chicago(config-pmap-c)# inspect dns maximum-length 1024


The maximum DNS packet length can be configured in a range from 512 to 65,535 bytes. The default packet size is 512 bytes. It is recommended to use a maximum size of 1024 bytes, because several DNS applications use sizes larger than 512 bytes.

Part I: Product Overview

Introduction to Network Security

Product History

Hardware Overview

Part II: Firewall Solution

Initial Setup and System Maintenance

Network Access Control

IP Routing

Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting (AAA)

Application Inspection

Security Contexts

Transparent Firewalls

Failover and Redundancy

Quality of Service

Part III: Intrusion Prevention System (IPS) Solution

Intrusion Prevention System Integration

Configuring and Troubleshooting Cisco IPS Software via CLI

Part IV: Virtual Private Network (VPN) Solution

Site-to-Site IPSec VPNs

Remote Access VPN

Public Key Infrastructure (PKI)

Part V: Adaptive Security Device Manager

Introduction to ASDM

Firewall Management Using ASDM

IPS Management Using ASDM

VPN Management Using ASDM

Case Studies

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Cisco Asa(c) All-in-one Firewall, IPS, And VPN Adaptive Security Appliance
Cisco ASA: All-in-One Firewall, IPS, and VPN Adaptive Security Appliance
ISBN: 1587052091
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2006
Pages: 231
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