Penultimate Hop Popping

Penultimate hop popping is performed in MPLS-based networks where the router upstream to the Edge LSR removes the top label in the label stack and forwards only the resulting packet (either labeled IP or IP packet) for a particular FEC. This process is signaled by the downstream Edge LSR during label distribution with LDP. The downstream Edge LSR distributes an implicit-null (POP) label to the upstream router, which signals it to pop the top label in the label stack and forward the resulting labeled or IP packet. When the packet is received by the Edge LSR, no lookup is performed in the LIB if the incoming packet is an IP packet. Therefore, penultimate hop popping saves a single lookup on edge routers. The operation of penultimate hop popping is depicted in Figure 1-13.

Figure 1-13. Penultimate Hop Popping

As illustrated in Figure 1-13, the downstream Edge LSR1 distributes an implicit-null label mapping for network to its upstream LSR1. Upon receiving a labeled packet, LSR1 pops the top label and sends the resulting IP packet to the Edge-LSR1.

MPLS Overview

Basic MPLS Configuration

Basic MPLS VPN Overview and Configuration

PE-CE Routing Protocol-Static and RIP

PE-CE Routing Protocol-OSPF and EIGRP

Implementing BGP in MPLS VPNs

Inter-Provider VPNs

Carrier Supporting Carriers

MPLS Traffic Engineering

Implementing VPNs with Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol Version 3

Any Transport over MPLS (AToM)

Virtual Private LAN Service (VPLS)

Implementing Quality of Service in MPLS Networks

MPLS Features and Case Studies

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MPLS Configuration on Cisco IOS Software
MPLS Configuration on Cisco IOS Software
ISBN: 1587051990
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2006
Pages: 130
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