The New Cisco IOS Packaging Model

In release 12.3, Cisco changed the image package naming model. As you can see from the previous explanations, image selection had become overly complex and difficult to understand. In the new packaging model , the image selection has been reduced from 44 to 8 possible packages.

Some of the advantages of the new package model are:

  • Easier to select the features you want
  • Feature set reduced from 44 to 8 packages
  • Consistent image names across platforms
  • Consistent functionality across platforms

Figure 2-1 shows the eight major packages. This figure illustrates the concept of package inheritance . With package inheritance, any package automatically inherits all the features of the packages below it. For example, IP Base is the first package in the tree. Its features are inherited by all the packages above it.

Figure 2-1. New image packaging model inheritance

As of this writing, the new feature packaging is available only on 800, 1700, 2600, 3600, 2700, and 7000 series routers. However, you can expect more devices to join this group in the future.

2.2.1. Example of New Image Name

Here's an example of the new image naming scheme:


This name translates to a platform of 3745, a feature set of "Enterprise Base," and a release of 12.3.9a.

2.2.2. Status of the Release

As we have just seen, the filenames for a given release are packed with information. They do not, however, tell you the status of the release . Cisco has three codes for the status of the release:



General Deployment indicates that the code is extremely stable for the most demanding production environments. Although this image is very stable, the number of new features is extremely limited.



Limited Deployment means that some newer maturing features have been added, but the release is not as stable as a GD release.



Early Deployment is the cutting-edge version, with the latest and greatest features, which means testing has not been completed. In other words, bugs probably still exist in this release, which makes it unsuitable for most production environments.

The release in our example is LD, so is for limited deployment. Since the status of the release is not included in the filename, how do you find out? You must look it up at Cisco's web site. For an easier way of doing this, see the next section, which explains the Cisco Feature Navigator .

This method of classifying releases replaces Cisco's old convention, in which releases were labeled with certain characters in their filenames. For example, "x" meant that an image had added features to support new hardware but wasn't very well tested. This labeling has been replaced with the GD, LD, and ED classifications.

2.2.3. Finding the Release on Cisco's Web Site

Recently, Cisco changed the way you find the IOS image you are looking for with the release of the Cisco Feature Navigator. You can find this web page at or by searching on Cisco's site for "Cisco Feature Navigator." However, to access this feature you need a CCO account . To create an account, click on the "Register Now" link at the top heading on the main web site at

While a basic CCO account will give you access to the Cisco Feature Navigator, you'll need a service contract tied to your CCO account in order to download the new images. The CCO registration page requests the required information when you sign up.

The Cisco Feature Navigator lets you quickly select the IOS release you want, based on the device model number and the desired feature set. You can search by feature, release, or platform. You can even compare different releases of IOS, a very handy tool that takes the burden out of selecting images.

Getting Started

IOS Images and Configuration Files

Basic Router Configuration

Line Commands

Interface Commands

Networking Technologies

Access Lists

IP Routing Topics

Interior Routing Protocols

Border Gateway Protocol

Quality of Service

Dial-on-Demand Routing

Specialized Networking Topics

Switches and VLANs

Router Security

Troubleshooting and Logging

Quick Reference

Appendix A Network Basics


Cisco IOS in a Nutshell
Cisco IOS in a Nutshell (In a Nutshell (OReilly))
ISBN: 0596008694
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2006
Pages: 1031
Authors: James Boney © 2008-2020.
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