BGP Confederacies

A confederacy is a group of cooperating autonomous systems working together as a single AS. Confederacies allow you to divide an AS into smaller, more manageable pieces. The main reason for doing so is the meshing requirement for iBGP. With 10 to 20 routers, meshing is pretty manageable. However, as your network grows larger, managing all the peer relationships can get very complicated. Confederacies allow you to break up your network into little autonomous systems, making it easier to handle. Inside each little AS, all the iBGP routers are fully meshed. Outside, all the little autonomous systems are fully meshed to each other.

Figure 10-4 shows a network on which we'd like to use confederacies . AS 500 has seven BGP routers: R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, and R7. If we didn't use confederacies, all seven routers would have to be fully meshed, or we would have to use route reflectors. In this network, route reflectors would be a problem: we would need more than one reflector, and managing them could easily get out of control. However, we can use confederacies to make a more manageable network. They are particularly important for large ISPs, but can also be useful for very large corporate networks.

We can divide AS 500 into three smaller pieces, each of which is connected to a remote AS. Since they are interconnected as neighbors, they will be able to advertise their routes. Now only our three main routers (R1, R2, and R3) are fully meshed with each other, while all our other BGP routers are meshed within their respective confederacies. Although each confederacy has its own AS number, outside networks still see us as AS 500.

Figure 10-4. BGP confederacies

Here's how to set up confederacies.

On Router 1:

 router bgp 10000
 bgp confederation identifier 500
 bgp confederation peers 10010 10020
 neighbor 10.10.2.1 remote-as 10010
 neighbor 10.10.3.1 remote-as 10020
 neighbor 10.11.1.1 remote-as 600

On Router 2:

 router bgp 10010
 bgp confederation identifier 500
 bgp confederation peers 10000 10020
 neighbor 10.10.1.1 remote-as 10000
 neighbor 10.10.3.1 remote-as 10020
 neighbor 10.12.1.1 remote-as 700

On Router 3:

 router bgp 10020
 bgp confederation identifier 500
 bgp confederation peers 10000 10010
 neighbor 10.10.1.1 remote-as 10000
 neighbor 10.10.2.1 remote-as 10010
 neighbor 10.13.1.1 remote-as 800


Getting Started

IOS Images and Configuration Files

Basic Router Configuration

Line Commands

Interface Commands

Networking Technologies

Access Lists

IP Routing Topics

Interior Routing Protocols

Border Gateway Protocol

Quality of Service

Dial-on-Demand Routing

Specialized Networking Topics

Switches and VLANs

Router Security

Troubleshooting and Logging

Quick Reference

Appendix A Network Basics

Index



Cisco IOS in a Nutshell
Cisco IOS in a Nutshell (In a Nutshell (OReilly))
ISBN: 0596008694
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2006
Pages: 1031
Authors: James Boney

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