Conclusion

In this chapter we looked at the particular performance characteristics of stored programs and offered advice about when to use stored program logic in place of "straight" SQL and how to optimize the algorithms we write in the MySQL stored program language.

As we have emphasized repeatedly, the performance of most stored programs will depend primarily on the performance of the SQL statements found within the stored program. Before optimizing stored program statements, make sure that all of the SQL statements are fully optimized.

The MySQL stored program language is currently slower than most alternative procedural languagessuch as Java and PHPwhen it comes to number crunching. In general, we are better off implementing computationally expensive code in one of these other languages.

Stored programs can, however, really shine from a performance standpoint when a relatively small output is calculated from a large number of database rows. This is because other languages must transfer these rows across the network, while stored program execution occurs inside the database, minimizing network traffic.

Sometimes stored programs can also be used as an alternative to hard-to-optimize SQL. This will typically be true when the SQL language forces we to repetitively fetch the same data, or when the SQL logic is enormously complex and we need to "divide and conquer." However, a stored program solution will typically take more programming investment than a SQL equivalent, so we must be sure that we are obtaining the improvements we expect.

The optimization of stored program code follows the same general principles that are true for other languages. In particular:

  • Optimize loop processing: ensure that no unnecessary statements occur within a loop; exit the loop as soon as you are logically able to do so.
  • Reduce the number of comparisons by testing for the most likely match first, and nest IF or CASE statements when necessary to eliminate unnecessary comparisons.
  • Avoid recursive procedures.

Because MySQL triggers execute once for each row affected by a DML statement, the effect of any unoptimized statements in a trigger will be magnified during bulk DML operations. Trigger code needs to be very carefully optimizedexpensive SQL statements have no place in triggers.

Part I: Stored Programming Fundamentals

Introduction to MySQL Stored Programs

MySQL Stored Programming Tutorial

Language Fundamentals

Blocks, Conditional Statements, and Iterative Programming

Using SQL in Stored Programming

Error Handling

Part II: Stored Program Construction

Creating and Maintaining Stored Programs

Transaction Management

MySQL Built-in Functions

Stored Functions

Triggers

Part III: Using MySQL Stored Programs in Applications

Using MySQL Stored Programs in Applications

Using MySQL Stored Programs with PHP

Using MySQL Stored Programs with Java

Using MySQL Stored Programs with Perl

Using MySQL Stored Programs with Python

Using MySQL Stored Programs with .NET

Part IV: Optimizing Stored Programs

Stored Program Security

Tuning Stored Programs and Their SQL

Basic SQL Tuning

Advanced SQL Tuning

Optimizing Stored Program Code

Best Practices in MySQL Stored Program Development





MySQL Stored Procedure Programming
MySQL Stored Procedure Programming
ISBN: 0596100892
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2004
Pages: 208
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