We've shown you how to call stored programs from the MySQL command-line client, from the MySQL Query Browser, and from another stored program. In the real world, however, you are more likely to call a stored program from another programming environment, such as PHP, Java, Perl, Python, or .NET. We discuss the details of using stored programs within each of these environments in Chapters Chapter 12 through Chapter 17.
For now, let's look at how you can call a stored procedure (shown in Figure 2-18) from PHP, which is probably the development environment most commonly used in conjunction with MySQL.
When interacting with MySQL from PHP, we can choose between the database-independent PEAR::DB extension, the mysqli (MySQL "improved") extension, and the more recent PHP Data Objects (PDO) extension. In this example we will use the mysqli extension. Chapter 13 describes the details of these extensions.
Figure 2-19 shows PHP code that connects to the MySQL server and calls the stored procedure. We won't step through the code here, but we hope that it will give you a sense of how stored programs can be used in web and other applications.
Figure 2-18. Stored procedure to be called from PHP
The PHP program prompts the user to specify a department ID; it then calls the stored procedure employee_list to retrieve a list of employees that belong to that department. Figure 2-20 shows the output displayed by the PHP/stored procedure example.
Part I: Stored Programming Fundamentals
Introduction to MySQL Stored Programs
MySQL Stored Programming Tutorial
Blocks, Conditional Statements, and Iterative Programming
Using SQL in Stored Programming
Part II: Stored Program Construction
Creating and Maintaining Stored Programs
MySQL Built-in Functions
Part III: Using MySQL Stored Programs in Applications
Using MySQL Stored Programs in Applications
Using MySQL Stored Programs with PHP
Using MySQL Stored Programs with Java
Using MySQL Stored Programs with Perl
Using MySQL Stored Programs with Python
Using MySQL Stored Programs with .NET
Part IV: Optimizing Stored Programs
Stored Program Security
Tuning Stored Programs and Their SQL
Basic SQL Tuning
Advanced SQL Tuning
Optimizing Stored Program Code
Best Practices in MySQL Stored Program Development