Stored Functions

Stored functions are similar to stored procedures: they are named program units that contain one or more MySQL statements. They differ from procedures in the following ways:

  • The parameter list of a function may contain only IN parameters. OUT and INOUT parameters are not allowed. Specifying the IN keyword is neither required nor allowed.
  • The function itself must return a single value, whose type is defined in the header of the function.
  • Functions can be called from within SQL statements.
  • A function may not return a result set.

Generally, you should consider using a stored function rather than a stored procedure when you have a program whose sole purpose is to compute and return a single value or when you want to create a user-defined function for use within SQL statements.

Figure 2-16 shows a function that implements the same functionality found in the discount_price stored procedure we created earlier in this chapter.

Figure 2-16. A stored function

The following table explains a few things that set apart this function from its stored procedure equivalent:

Line

Explanation

7

Specify a RETURNS clause as part of the function definition. This specifies the type of data that the function will return.

8

MySQL applies stricter rules to stored functions than it does to procedures. A function must either be declared not to modify SQL (using the NO SQL or READS SQL DATA clauses) or be declared to be DETERMINISTIC (if it is to be allowed in servers that have binary logging enabled). This restriction is designed to prevent inconsistencies between replicated databases caused by functions that return an unpredictable value (see Chapter 10 for more details). Our example routine is "deterministic" we can guarantee that it will return the same result if it is provided with the same input parameter.

21

Use the RETURN statement to pass back the discount price calculated by the IF statement.

Example 2-9 shows calling this function from within a SQL statement.

Example 2-9. Calling a stored function from a SELECT statement

mysql> SELECT f_discount_price(300) $$
+-----------------------+
| f_discount_price(300) |
+-----------------------+
| 270.0 |
+-----------------------+

We can also call this function from within another stored program (procedure, function, or trigger), or any place that we could use a built-in MySQL function.

Part I: Stored Programming Fundamentals

Introduction to MySQL Stored Programs

MySQL Stored Programming Tutorial

Language Fundamentals

Blocks, Conditional Statements, and Iterative Programming

Using SQL in Stored Programming

Error Handling

Part II: Stored Program Construction

Creating and Maintaining Stored Programs

Transaction Management

MySQL Built-in Functions

Stored Functions

Triggers

Part III: Using MySQL Stored Programs in Applications

Using MySQL Stored Programs in Applications

Using MySQL Stored Programs with PHP

Using MySQL Stored Programs with Java

Using MySQL Stored Programs with Perl

Using MySQL Stored Programs with Python

Using MySQL Stored Programs with .NET

Part IV: Optimizing Stored Programs

Stored Program Security

Tuning Stored Programs and Their SQL

Basic SQL Tuning

Advanced SQL Tuning

Optimizing Stored Program Code

Best Practices in MySQL Stored Program Development

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MySQL Stored Procedure Programming
MySQL Stored Procedure Programming
ISBN: 0596100892
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2004
Pages: 208
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