Using the Quartz CronTrigger

Table of contents:

In the real world, job schedules are normally much more complex than SimpleTriggers will support. CronTriggers can be used to specify very complicated schedules, which is good because those are usually the ones we find we need. Before we get into the details of what makes a CronTrigger tick, let's look at an example. Listing 5.1 shows an example of using a CronTrigger (along with a Quartz cron expression) to schedule the PrintInfoJob from previous examples. For the most part, this code is identical to the examples in the previous chapter. The only difference is that we are using a CronTrigger instead of a SimpleTrigger. Because of that, we have to supply it with a cron expression.

Listing 5.1. Simple Use of CronTrigger to Schedule a Job

public class Listing_5_1 {
 static Log logger = LogFactory.getLog(Listing_5_1.class);

 public static void main(String[] args) {
 Listing_5_1 example = new Listing_5_1();
 example.runScheduler();
 }

 public void runScheduler() {
 Scheduler scheduler = null;

 try {
 // Create a default instance of the Scheduler
 scheduler = StdSchedulerFactory.getDefaultScheduler();
 scheduler.start();
 logger.info("Scheduler was started at " + new Date());

 // Create the JobDetail
 JobDetail jobDetail =
 new JobDetail("PrintInfoJob",
 Scheduler.DEFAULT_GROUP,
 PrintInfoJob.class);

 // Create a CronTrigger
 try {
 // CronTrigger that fires @7:30am Mon - Fri
 CronTrigger trigger = new
 CronTrigger("CronTrigger", null,
 "0 30 7 ? * MON-FRI");

 scheduler.scheduleJob(jobDetail, trigger);
 } catch (ParseException ex) {
 logger.error("Error parsing cron expr", ex);

 }


 } catch (SchedulerException ex) {
 logger.error(ex);
 }
 }
}

The example in Listing 5.1 uses the following cron expression:

0 30 7 ? * MON-FRI

When interpreted by the Scheduler, this causes the trigger to fire at 7:30 AM Monday through Friday. Let's look at the format of the cron expression for Quartz CronTriggers.


The Cron Expression Format

Scheduling in the Enterprise

Getting Started with Quartz

Hello, Quartz

Scheduling Jobs

Cron Triggers and More

JobStores and Persistence

Implementing Quartz Listeners

Using Quartz Plug-Ins

Using Quartz Remotely

Using Quartz with J2EE

Clustering Quartz

Quartz Cookbook

Quartz and Web Applications

Using Quartz with Workflow

Appendix A. Quartz Configuration Reference



Quartz Job Scheduling Framework(c) Building Open Source Enterprise Applications
Quartz Job Scheduling Framework: Building Open Source Enterprise Applications
ISBN: 0131886703
EAN: 2147483647
Year: N/A
Pages: 148

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