Creating a Quartz RMI Server

You must follow a few steps to configure Quartz to use RMI. Some of these steps must be done on the Quartz RMI server, and a few are done on the Quartz client that connects to the server. We go through the server configuration steps first.

Configuring the Quartz RMI Server

The first step is to modify the file that will be deployed with the Quartz RMI server. When using RMI within Quartz, you must add several new properties. Table 9.1 includes the complete list of RMI properties.

Table 9.1. The Properties That Are Necessary for the RMI Server




Notes: This flag must be set to true if you want the Quartz Scheduler to be available as a RMI object.



Notes: This is the host at which the RMI Registry is running.



Notes: This is the port on which the RMI Registry is listening (usually 1099).



Notes: This determines whether Quartz creates the RMI Registry. Use false or never if you don't want Quartz to create a Registry. Use TRue or as_needed if you want Quartz to first attempt to use an existing Registry and then fall back to creating one. Use always if you want Quartz to create a Registry and then fall back to using an existing one. If a Registry is created, it will be bound to a port number in the given registryPort and registryHost.



Notes: This is the port on which the Quartz Scheduler service will bind and listen for connections. By default, the RMI service randomly selects a port as the Scheduler is bound to the RMI Registry.


All the properties in Table 9.1 need to be added to the file for the Quartz RMI server. Although there are defaults for these properties, it's best to specify the values explicitly to prevent any confusion. Listing 9.1 shows an example properties file that is used with the Quartz RMI server.

Listing 9.1. An Example file for Use with the Quartz RMI Server

# Configure Main Scheduler Properties
org.quartz.scheduler.instanceName = RMIScheduler

# Configure RMI Properties
org.quartz.scheduler.rmi.export = true
org.quartz.scheduler.rmi.registryHost = localhost
org.quartz.scheduler.rmi.registryPort = 1099
org.quartz.scheduler.rmi.serverPort = 0
org.quartz.scheduler.rmi.createRegistry = true

# Configure ThreadPool
org.quartz.threadPool.class = org.quartz.simpl.SimpleThreadPool
org.quartz.threadPool.threadCount = 10
org.quartz.threadPool.threadPriority = 5

# Configure JobStore
org.quartz.jobStore.misfireThreshold = 60000
org.quartz.jobStore.class = org.quartz.simpl.RAMJobStore

You'll recognize most of the settings in Listing 9.1 from the various files that you've seen in previous chapters. The only new properties are the ones added from Table 9.1.

Creating a Quartz RMI Server Startup Class

To run the Quartz RMI server, you need to create a startup class that obtains a Scheduler from the factory and starts running the Scheduler. This is true of Quartz with or without RMI. Because we are using RMI in this example, however, a few new steps must be carried out.

First, to make things less confusing, we rename our file and tell the Quartz RMI server to load that file instead of the default file. Changing the name makes things easier when trying to debug problems. This way, we can be sure that Quartz is loading the correct settings file.

The second change is that we load a new SecurityManager so that all the necessary permissions will be granted to the RMI server. We discussed the RMISecurityManager earlier in the chapter.

Other than these changes, the startup class shown in Listing 9.2 should look familiar.

Listing 9.2. The QuartzRMIServer Can Be Used to Start the Quartz RMI Server

package org.cavaness.quartzbook.chapter9;

import java.util.Date;

import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory;
import org.quartz.Scheduler;
import org.quartz.SchedulerFactory;
import org.quartz.impl.StdSchedulerFactory;

public class QuartzRMIServer {

 public void run() throws Exception {
 Log log = LogFactory.getLog(QuartzRMIServer.class);

 // Use this properties file instead of

 // RMI with Quartz requires a special security manager
 if (System.getSecurityManager() == null) {
 // Get a reference to the Scheduler
 Scheduler scheduler =

 * Due to the file, our Scheduler will
 * be exported to RMI Registry automatically.
 scheduler.start();"Quartz RMI Server started at " + new Date());"RMI Clients may now access it. ");

 "The scheduler will run until you type "exit"");

 BufferedReader rdr = new BufferedReader(
 new InputStreamReader(;

 while (true) {
 System.out.print("Type 'exit' to shutdown server: ");
 if ("exit".equals(rdr.readLine())) {
 }"Scheduler is shutting down...");
 scheduler.shutdown(true);"Scheduler has been stopped.");
 public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {

 QuartzRMIServer example = new QuartzRMIServer();;

In Listing 9.2, after the RMISecurityManager has been set, a Scheduler is retrieved from the factory and the start() method is called. The server is designed to be run from the console so after the Scheduler is started, it runs until the user types exit from the console. The Scheduler then is shut down and stops serving remote clients.

Other than using the RMISecurityManager, notice that we didn't have to do anything special in the code with the Quartz Scheduler to use it as a remote Scheduler. That was all taken care of in the file. When the Scheduler is created, if the properties file tells it to, the Scheduler exports itself to the RMI Registry and makes it available to be called remotely.

Scheduling in the Enterprise

Getting Started with Quartz

Hello, Quartz

Scheduling Jobs

Cron Triggers and More

JobStores and Persistence

Implementing Quartz Listeners

Using Quartz Plug-Ins

Using Quartz Remotely

Using Quartz with J2EE

Clustering Quartz

Quartz Cookbook

Quartz and Web Applications

Using Quartz with Workflow

Appendix A. Quartz Configuration Reference

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Quartz Job Scheduling Framework(c) Building Open Source Enterprise Applications
Quartz Job Scheduling Framework: Building Open Source Enterprise Applications
ISBN: 0131886703
EAN: 2147483647
Year: N/A
Pages: 148
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