The DFT has a very important property known as linearity. This property states that the DFT of the sum of two signals is equal to the sum of the transforms of each signal; that is, if an input sequence x1(n) has a DFT X1(m) and another input sequence x2(n) has a DFT X2(m), then the DFT of the sum of these sequences xsum(n) = x1(n) + x2(n) is

This is certainly easy enough to prove. If we plug xsum(n) into Eq. (3-2) to get Xsum(m), then

Without this property of linearity, the DFT would be useless as an analytical tool because we could transform only those input signals that contain a single sinewave. The real-world signals that we want to analyze are much more complicated than a single sinewave.

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Understanding Digital Signal Processing
Understanding Digital Signal Processing (2nd Edition)
ISBN: 0131089897
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2004
Pages: 183
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