Configuring Directory Gatekeepers

As the number of gatekeepers in a network grows, the administrative overhead that is associated with adding gateways or prefixes grows exponentially. You must replicate every change or addition in each gatekeeper. For large networks, a directory gatekeeper can reduce the administrative overhead that is associated with multiple gatekeepers. The following steps describe how to migrate from a full mesh gatekeeper environment to a directory gatekeeper:

Step 1.

Configure a local zone in the directory gatekeeper. By convention, the hostname of the directory gatekeeper is used for the local zone name. No prefixes are configured for this local zone, because endpoints do not register with the directory gatekeeper.
 

Step 2.

Configure each remote zone in the directory gatekeeper and the prefixes that are associated with each zone.
 

Step 3.

Configure the directory gatekeeper to forward LRQ messages using the lrq forward-queries command. This command is what turns a standard gatekeeper into a directory gatekeeper.
 

Step 4.

Add a remote zone in each gatekeeper for the directory gatekeeper.
 

Step 5.

Add a prefix of * pointing to the directory gatekeeper. This causes the gateway to send an LRQ to the directory gatekeeper for all unknown prefixes. The directory gatekeeper forwards the LRQs to the appropriate gatekeeper based on the prefixes that are defined in Step 2.
 

Step 6.

Remove all remote zones and prefixes from the gatekeepers except for the zone and prefix that point to the directory gatekeeper. Only the local zones and prefixes should remain.
 

Example 17-8 shows the configuration that is necessary to add a directory gatekeeper to the previous example.

Example 17-8. Implementing a Directory Gatekeeper

CORPORATE GATEKEEPER

GK_Corp#show running-config
Building configuration...
!
! Unnecessary output deleted
!
interface Loopback0
 description Gatekeeper interface
 ip address 10.100.101.1 255.255.255.255
!
gatekeeper
 zone local ny cisco.com 10.100.101.1
 zone local boise cisco.com
 zone remote DGK cisco.com 10.1.10.15 1719 
 zone prefix boise 120855501..
 zone prefix ny 1212555....
 zone prefix DGK * 
 gw-type-prefix 1#* default-technology
 rrq dynamic-prefixes-accept
 no shutdown
!
end
 
NEW DIVISION GATEKEEPER

GK_NewCo#show running-config
Building configuration...
!
! Unnecessary output deleted
!
interface Loopback0
 description Gatekeeper interface
 ip address 10.100.100.1 255.255.255.255
!
gatekeeper
 zone local miami cisco.com 10.100.100.1
 zone remote DGK cisco.com 10.1.10.15 1719
 zone prefix miami 130555501.. 
 zone prefix DGK *
 gw-type-prefix 1#* default-technology
 rrq dynamic-prefixes-accept
 no shutdown
!
end
 
DIRECTORY GATEKEEPER

DGK#show running-config
Building configuration...
!
! Unnecessary output deleted
!
interface Loopback0
 description Gatekeeper interface
 ip address 10.1.10.15 255.255.255.255
!
gatekeeper
 zone local DGK cisco.com 10.1.10.15 
 zone remote miami cisco.com 10.100.100.1 1719
 zone remote ny cisco.com 10.100.101.1 1719
 zone remote boise cisco.com 10.100.100.1 1719
 zone prefix miami 130555501..
 zone prefix boise 120855501..
 zone prefix ny 1212555....
 lrq forward-queries 
 gw-type-prefix 1#* default-technology
 rrq dynamic-prefixes-accept
 no shutdown
!
end
 


Troubleshooting Gatekeepers

Part I: Voice Gateways and Gatekeepers

Gateways and Gatekeepers

Part II: Gateways

Media Gateway Control Protocol

H.323

Session Initiation Protocol

Circuit Options

Connecting to the PSTN

Connecting to PBXs

Connecting to an IP WAN

Dial Plans

Digit Manipulation

Influencing Path Selection

Configuring Class of Restrictions

SRST and MGCP Gateway Fallback

DSP Resources

Using Tcl Scripts and VoiceXML

Part III: Gatekeepers

Deploying Gatekeepers

Gatekeeper Configuration

Part IV: IP-to-IP Gateways

Cisco Multiservice IP-to-IP Gateway

Appendix A. Answers to Chapter-Ending Review Questions

Index

show all menu



Cisco Voice Gateways and Gatekeepers
Cisco Voice Gateways and Gatekeepers
ISBN: 158705258X
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2004
Pages: 218
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