Finding Types of IP Routes


You want to look for a particular type of route in your router's routing tables.


Often you are more interested in finding all of the directly connected networks, or all of the static routes, rather than in finding a specific route. This is found easily by specifying the type of route in the show command:

Router>show ip route connected is subnetted, 1 subnets
C is directly connected, Loopback1 is subnetted, 1 subnets
C is directly connected, Async1 is variably subnetted, 6 subnets, 3 masks
C is directly connected, Tunnel0
C is directly connected, Ethernet0
C is directly connected, Ethernet1
C is directly connected, Loopback0

Router>show ip route static is subnetted, 1 subnets
S [1/0] via

And another useful variant of the show ip route command summarizes all of the different types of routes in the table:

Router>show ip route summary
IP routing table name is Default-IP-Routing-Table(0)
Route Source Networks Subnets Overhead Memory (bytes)
connected 0 3 328 432
static 1 0 64 144
ospf 55 1 3 256 576
 Intra-area: 1 Inter-area: 2 External-1: 1 External-2: 0
 NSSA External-1: 0 NSSA External-2: 0
internal 2 2328
Total 4 6 648 3480



You can see the full list of possibilities by using a ? on the command line:

Router>show ip route ?
Hostname or A.B.C.D Network to display information about or hostname
 bgp Border Gateway Protocol (BGP)
 connected Connected
 egp Exterior Gateway Protocol (EGP)
 eigrp Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP)
 igrp Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (IGRP)
 isis ISO IS-IS
 list IP Access list
 odr On Demand stub Routes
 ospf Open Shortest Path First (OSPF)
 profile IP routing table profile
 rip Routing Information Protocol (RIP)
 static Static routes
 summary Summary of all routes
 supernets-only Show supernet entries only
 traffic-engineering Traffic engineered routes

This is useful when you want to see all of the routes that the router has learned via a particular routing protocol, or all of the statically configured or directly connected routes. The output format with the different type keywords is exactly the same as for the general show ip route, but it presents only the routes of the required type.

The show ip route summary command gives useful information about the size of the routing table and how much memory the router has allocated to storing this information, conveniently broken down by routing protocol. The example also shows how many routes belong to each of the different OSPF area types.

This has several uses. First, it gives you a convenient way to estimate your routing table's memory requirements. In this case, the routing table is very small, so there is more memory used to store connected routes than OSPF routes. However, in a larger network, you will often want to know if one routing protocol is causing memory problems for your routers. This can help you to decide if you need route filtering or summarization mechanisms. Routers exchanging BGP routing information with the public Internet can have particularly serious memory utilization problems.

Second, because it shows how many routes are learned by each mechanism, you can easily check the stability of the routing table by seeing whether this number changes in time. If you look at the entire routing table, you may not notice that a handful of routes periodically disappear and reappear, but looking at this summary information makes it much easier to spot such problems.

And third, you can easily see whether your routing table is getting its information the way you expect. It can be a very quick and easy way to check if the router is installing floating static routes or external routes in its routing table.

Router Configuration and File Management

Router Management

User Access and Privilege Levels


IP Routing





Frame Relay

Handling Queuing and Congestion

Tunnels and VPNs

Dial Backup

NTP and Time


Router Interfaces and Media

Simple Network Management Protocol





First Hop Redundancy Protocols

IP Multicast

IP Mobility




Appendix 1. External Software Packages

Appendix 2. IP Precedence, TOS, and DSCP Classifications


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Cisco IOS Cookbook
Cisco IOS Cookbook (Cookbooks (OReilly))
ISBN: 0596527225
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2004
Pages: 505
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