.NODE

Debugging OSPF

Problem

OSPF is not behaving properly, and you want to debug it to isolate and solve the problem.

Solution

There are several OSPF debugging options. But usually, if there is an OSPF problem, you will see it as instabilities in the neighbor relationships. So the most useful debugging option traces the formation of adjacencies.

Router3#debug ip ospf adj 
OSPF adjacency events debugging is on
Router3#

 

Discussion

This particular debug output is particularly useful because it helps to diagnose problems when routers fail to form adjacencies with one another. For example, the following debug message indicates that there is an authentication problem. The neighbor router in this case is configured for MD5 authentication, while this router is configured for no authentication.

Dec 21 16:00:14.341: OSPF: Rcv pkt from 172.25.1.7, FastEthernet0/0.1 : Mismatch Authentication type. Input packet specified type 2, we use type 0


Router Configuration and File Management

Router Management

User Access and Privilege Levels

TACACS+

IP Routing

RIP

EIGRP

OSPF

BGP

Frame Relay

Handling Queuing and Congestion

Tunnels and VPNs

Dial Backup

NTP and Time

DLSw

Router Interfaces and Media

Simple Network Management Protocol

Logging

Access-Lists

DHCP

NAT

First Hop Redundancy Protocols

IP Multicast

IP Mobility

IPv6

MPLS

Security

Appendix 1. External Software Packages

Appendix 2. IP Precedence, TOS, and DSCP Classifications

Index

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Cisco IOS Cookbook
Cisco IOS Cookbook (Cookbooks (OReilly))
ISBN: 0596527225
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2004
Pages: 505
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