.NODE

Using OSPF for IPv6

Problem

You want to distribute your IPv6 routing information using OSPF Version 3.

Solution

Configuring OSPF for IPv6 is similar to the IPv4 configuration:

Router1#configure terminal 
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
Router1(config)#ip cef
Router1(config)#ipv6 cef
Router1(config)#ipv6 unicast-routing
Router1(config)#ipv6 router ospf 1
Router1(config-rtr)#router-id 1.0.0.1
Router1(config-rtr)#area 0 range AAAA:5::/64
Router1(config-rtr)#exit
Router1(config)#interface FastEthernet0/0
Router1(config-if)#ipv6 address AAAA:5::1/64
Router1(config-if)#ipv6 ospf 1 area 0
Router1(config-if)#exit
Router1(config)#end
Router1#

 

Discussion

OSPF Version 3 is a set of relatively straightforward extensions to the existing OSPF Version 2 protocol. These extensions are used purely to allow IPv6 support. The basic operation of OSPF, with its Link State Advertisement (LSA) packets, its strict two-level hierarchy of areas, flooding, Designated Routers, and so forth are exactly the same as what we previously saw for IPv4 in Chapter 8.

OSPFv3 is defined in RFC 2740.

Configuring OSPF for IPv6 has a few more steps than configuring RIP. In particular, CEF must be enabled for both IPv4 and IPv6:

Router1(config)#ip cef
Router1(config)#ipv6 cef

You then define an OSPF process:

Router1(config)#ipv6 router ospf 1
Router1(config-rtr)#router-id 1.0.0.1
Router1(config-rtr)#area 0 range AAAA:5::/64

Note that OSPF requires a router ID for every router, and that this ID is always a 32-bit IPv4 style address. If your router has IPv4 configured, then it will select a router-id automatically using the same criteria that we discussed in Chapter 8. However, if there are no IPv4 addresses on the router, you must manually configure a router-ID, as OSPF will not work without it.

We have used the area range command to define a single area on this router. Once again, OSPF Version 3 area ID numbers are 32-bit values that can be written in IPv4 style dotted decimal notation or as an integer value between 0 and 4,294,967,295, exactly the same as we saw in Chapter 8 when discussing OSPF Version 2 for IPv4.

Finally, we must configure at least one interface to take part in OSPF process number 1:

Router1(config)#interface FastEthernet0/0
Router1(config-if)#ipv6 address AAAA:5::1/64
Router1(config-if)#ipv6 ospf 1 area 0
You can view OSPF neighbor relationships using the show ipv6 ospf neighbor command.
Router1#show ipv6 ospf neighbor

Neighbor ID Pri State Dead Time Interface ID Interface
1.0.0.2 1 FULL/DR 00:00:36 3 FastEthernet0/
0
Router1#

And you can look at the OSPF routing information with the command show ipv6 route ospf:

Router1#show ipv6 route ospf 
IPv6 Routing Table - 15 entries
Codes: C - Connected, L - Local, S - Static, R - RIP, B - BGP
 U - Per-user Static route
 I1 - ISIS L1, I2 - ISIS L2, IA - ISIS interarea, IS - ISIS summary
 O - OSPF intra, OI - OSPF inter, OE1 - OSPF ext 1, OE2 - OSPF ext 2
 ON1 - OSPF NSSA ext 1, ON2 - OSPF NSSA ext 2
O AAAA:F::AA:1/128 [110/1]
 via FE80::20E:D7FF:FED6:1060, FastEthernet0/0
OI AAAA:99::9:0/112 [110/2]
 via FE80::20E:D7FF:FED6:1060, FastEthernet0/0
OI AAAA:99::A:0/112 [110/151]
 via FE80::20E:D7FF:FED6:1060, FastEthernet0/0
OI AAAA:99::B:0/112 [110/163]
 via FE80::20E:D7FF:FED6:1060, FastEthernet0/0
OI AAAA:99::C:0/112 [110/20]
 via FE80::20E:D7FF:FED6:1060, FastEthernet0/0
OI AAAA:99::D:0/112 [110/893]
 via FE80::20E:D7FF:FED6:1060, FastEthernet0/0
OI AAAA:99::E:0/112 [110/2]
 via FE80::20E:D7FF:FED6:1060, FastEthernet0/0
Router1#

This routing table shows a single intra-area route, designated by the "O" at the start of the line. All of the other routes shown are OSPF interarea routes.

We note in passing that the area range command we included in the example is not strictly necessary. The interface ipv6 ospf area command instructs the router to include all of the IPv6 prefixes defined on this interface in the specified area anyway. The area command is useful, however, when we want to define nondefault characteristics for the area. For example, with this command, we can specify that a particular area is to be a stub or Not So Stubby Area (NSSA) as follows:

Router1(config)#ipv6 router ospf 1
Router1(config-rtr)#area 15 stub no-summary

All of the same area types that we discussed in Chapter 8 for IPv4 are available for IPv6 as well.

We can also use the area command to define virtual links:

Router1(config)#ipv6 router ospf 1
Router1(config-rtr)#area 16 virtual-link 1.0.0.5

Note that the IPv4 address used in the area virtual-link command is the router-id of the destination device.

Several of the familiar OSPF options from OSPFv2 for IPv4 are not currently available for IPv6. For example, the OSPFv3 standard deliberately removes neighbor authentication, relying instead on IPv6's IPSec Authentication Header (AH) and Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP) options.

See Also

RFC 2740; Chapter 8

Router Configuration and File Management

Router Management

User Access and Privilege Levels

TACACS+

IP Routing

RIP

EIGRP

OSPF

BGP

Frame Relay

Handling Queuing and Congestion

Tunnels and VPNs

Dial Backup

NTP and Time

DLSw

Router Interfaces and Media

Simple Network Management Protocol

Logging

Access-Lists

DHCP

NAT

First Hop Redundancy Protocols

IP Multicast

IP Mobility

IPv6

MPLS

Security

Appendix 1. External Software Packages

Appendix 2. IP Precedence, TOS, and DSCP Classifications

Index

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Cisco IOS Cookbook
Cisco IOS Cookbook (Cookbooks (OReilly))
ISBN: 0596527225
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2004
Pages: 505
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