.NODE

Setting SNMP Queue Size

Problem

You want to increase the size of a router's SNMP trap queue.

Solution

The following command increases the size of a router's SNMP trap queue:

Router#configure terminal 
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
Router(config)#snmp-server queue-length 25
Router(config)#end
Router#

To increase the size of the router's SNMP inform queue, use the following configuration command:

Router#configure terminal 
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
Router(config)#snmp-server inform pending 40
Router(config)#end
Router#

 

Discussion

By default, the router can hold 10 trap messages in its queue. The queue holds traps until the router can forward them to the NMS. The queue fills when the router generates traps faster than it can forward them. If it generates additional traps when the queue is already full, these new trap messages are dropped. The router has only one SNMP message queue for all trap recipients.

Regardless of the network's capacity, the router will never send SNMP messages faster than four traps per second. This rate is hardcoded into the router and is not configurable. So if you have several NMS systems, or if your router creates a particularly large number of traps, you might want to increase the size of this queue to help prevent inadvertent discarding of traps.

The snmp-server queue-length command will accept any integer between 1 and 1,000, representing the maximum number of packets that can be held at a time.

To show the current number of SNMP messages in the queue, and the maximum queue size, use the show snmp EXEC command:

Router#show snmp
Chassis: JAX123456789
Contact: Ian Brown 416-555-2943
Location: 999 Queen St. W., Toronto, Ontario
270 SNMP packets input
 0 Bad SNMP version errors
 12 Unknown community name
 0 Illegal operation for community name supplied
 0 Encoding errors
 231 Number of requested variables
 25 Number of altered variables
 11 Get-request PDUs
 222 Get-next PDUs
 25 Set-request PDUs
584 SNMP packets output
 0 Too big errors (Maximum packet size 1480)
 2 No such name errors
 0 Bad values errors
 0 General errors
 258 Response PDUs
 326 Trap PDUs

SNMP logging: enabled
 Logging to 172.25.1.1.162, 0/25, 309 sent, 17 dropped.
Router#

In this example, the 0/25 in the last line means that no SNMP traps are currently queued for transmission, and the queue can accept up to 25 messages at once. You can use the number of dropped SNMP traps to verify whether your queue is too small by seeing if this number grows rapidly over time. In this case, the Trap PDUs line tells you that the router has tried to send 326 traps. Of these, the last line tells you that it has successfully sent 309 and dropped 17. This is a five percent drop rate, which suggests that the queue depth should probably be increased.

SNMP informs maintain a queue for messages pending acknowledgement. Each inform is held in the pending queue until an acknowledgement is received. Consequently, the inform queue must be considerably larger than the corresponding trap queue.

If you choose to implement SNMP informs, we highly recommend that you increase the size of the pending queue from the default value of 25:

Router(config)#snmp-server inform pending 40

The router will accept any integer between 1 and 4,294,967,295, representing the number of unacknowledged informs to hold. If the size of the pending queue is too small, then there is very little benefit to using informs, because the router will not be able to hold new messages.

Router Configuration and File Management

Router Management

User Access and Privilege Levels

TACACS+

IP Routing

RIP

EIGRP

OSPF

BGP

Frame Relay

Handling Queuing and Congestion

Tunnels and VPNs

Dial Backup

NTP and Time

DLSw

Router Interfaces and Media

Simple Network Management Protocol

Logging

Access-Lists

DHCP

NAT

First Hop Redundancy Protocols

IP Multicast

IP Mobility

IPv6

MPLS

Security

Appendix 1. External Software Packages

Appendix 2. IP Precedence, TOS, and DSCP Classifications

Index

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Cisco IOS Cookbook
Cisco IOS Cookbook (Cookbooks (OReilly))
ISBN: 0596527225
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2004
Pages: 505
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