Debugging DHCP

Problem

You want to debug a DHCP problem.

Solution

To debug the server events, use the following EXEC command:

Router1#debug ip dhcp server events

The following command will allow you to monitor the actual DHCP-related packets being transmitted and received by the router:

Router1#debug ip dhcp server packet

 

Discussion

The following debug capture shows a router performing normal housekeeping duties, such as updating its address pools, checking for expired leases, assigning new leases, and revoking expired leases:

Router1#debug ip dhcp server events
Sep 15 00:58:17.218: DHCPD: returned 172.25.1.51 to address pool COOKBOOK
Sep 15 00:58:22.566: DHCPD: assigned IP address 172.25.1.51 to client 0100.0103.85e9.87.
Sep 15 01:01:15.056: DHCPD: writing bindings to ftp://dhcp:bindsave@172.25.1.1/dhcp-leases-rtr1.
Sep 15 01:01:15.132: DHCPD: writing address 172.25.1.51.
Sep 15 01:01:15.148: DHCPD: wrote automatic bindings to ftp://dhcp:bindsave@172.25.1.1/dhcp-leases-rtr1.
Sep 15 01:01:58.816: DHCPD: checking for expired leases.
Sep 15 01:03:58.841: DHCPD: checking for expired leases.
Sep 15 01:05:58.859: DHCPD: checking for expired leases.
Sep 15 01:07:58.874: DHCPD: checking for expired leases.
Sep 15 01:09:58.885: DHCPD: checking for expired leases.
Sep 15 01:09:58.885: DHCPD: the lease for address 172.25.1.51 has expired.
Sep 15 01:09:58.885: DHCPD: returned 172.25.1.51 to address pool COOKBOOK.

The next debug capture shows a typical DHCP client transaction between the client and router. The net result is that the router assigns IP address 172.25.1.51 to MAC address 00.0103.85e9.87:

Router1#debug ip dhcp server packet 
Sep 15 01:19:41.211: DHCPD: DHCPDISCOVER received from client 0100.0103.85e9.87 on interface FastEthernet0/0.1.
Sep 15 01:19:43.212: DHCPD: Sending DHCPOFFER to client 0100.0103.85e9.87 (172.25.1.51).
Sep 15 01:19:43.212: DHCPD: creating ARP entry (172.25.1.51, 0001.0385.e987).
Sep 15 01:19:43.212: DHCPD: unicasting BOOTREPLY to client 0001.0385.e987 (172.25.1.51).
Sep 15 01:19:43.216: DHCPD: DHCPREQUEST received from client 0100.0103.85e9.87.
Sep 15 01:19:43.216: DHCPD: Sending DHCPACK to client 0100.0103.85e9.87 (172.25.1.51).
Sep 15 01:19:43.216: DHCPD: creating ARP entry (172.25.1.51, 0001.0385.e987).
Sep 15 01:19:43.216: DHCPD: unicasting BOOTREPLY to client 0001.0385.e987 (172.25.1.51).
Router1#


Router Configuration and File Management

Router Management

User Access and Privilege Levels

TACACS+

IP Routing

RIP

EIGRP

OSPF

BGP

Frame Relay

Handling Queuing and Congestion

Tunnels and VPNs

Dial Backup

NTP and Time

DLSw

Router Interfaces and Media

Simple Network Management Protocol

Logging

Access-Lists

DHCP

NAT

First Hop Redundancy Protocols

IP Multicast

IP Mobility

IPv6

MPLS

Security

Appendix 1. External Software Packages

Appendix 2. IP Precedence, TOS, and DSCP Classifications

Index



Cisco IOS Cookbook
Cisco IOS Cookbook (Cookbooks (OReilly))
ISBN: 0596527225
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2004
Pages: 505

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