You want to view the multicast routes that a router has learned.
The multicast protocols create a multicast forwarding cache, which the JUNOS software stores in the inet.1 routing table:
aviva@RouterA> show route table inet.1 inet.1: 1 destinations, 1 routes (1 active, 0 holddown, 0 hidden) + = Active Route, - = Last Active, * = Both 184.108.40.206,10.0.15.1/32*[PIM/105] 00:00:08 Multicast (IPv4)
Another way to get information about multicast routes is with the show multicast route command:
aviva@RouterA> show multicast route Address family INET Group: 220.127.116.11 Source: 10.0.15.1/32 Upstream interface: fe-0/0/1.0 Downstream interface list: se-0/0/3.0 Address family INET6
When a router receives multicast traffic, it places the (S,G) route information in the JUNOS multicast cache, inet.1. This recipe shows how to display the contents of this table with a variant of the show route command that displays just the inet.1 table. The output in this recipe shows one route, which is displayed as 18.104.22.168,10.0.15.1. The first part, 22.214.171.124, is the multicast group, and the second part is the source address of the route. Looking at the network topology, you see that 10.0.15.1 is the address of the fe-0/0/1 interface on RouterA, which connects to RouterE. This tells you that RouterA learned this route from a source connected to RouterE. The second column of the show route output reports that the route was learned from PIM, has a preference of 105 ([PIM/105]), and is a multicast route.
The format of the show route output is optimized for unicast routes, and really doesn represent the details about multicast routes very well. A better command to use instead is show multicast route. The basic output is shown in this recipe. Use the extensive form to get more detailed information:
aviva@RouterA> show multicast route extensive Address family INET Group: 126.96.36.199 Source: 10.0.15.1/32 Upstream interface: fe-0/0/1.0 Downstream interface list: se-0/0/3.0 Session description: ST Multicast Groups Statistics: 0 kBps, 0 pps, 5 packets Next-hop ID: 359 Upstream protocol: PIM Route state: Active Forwarding state: Forwarding Cache lifetime/timeout: 356 seconds Wrong incoming interface notifications: 0
The first several fields are common to the regular and detailed output. The Group field reports the multicast group that sent the route, which here is 188.8.131.52. The Source and Upstream interface lines tell that this route was learned from 10.0.15.1, which is the address of the fe-0/0/1 interface to RouterE. This interface is upstream, or toward the multicast source.
The interfaces toward the multicast receivers are listed next. Here, there is only one downstream interface, se-0/0/3, which connects to RouterG.
The extensive option displays additional information about the route. The Statistics line shows that this group has transmitted 5 packets, and Upstream protocol shows that PIM is the multicast protocol in use. Use the show multicast usage command to look at just the packet transmission statistics for each group and source:
aviva@RouterA> show multicast usage Group Sources Packets Bytes 184.108.40.206 1 5 420 Prefix /len Groups Packets Bytes 10.0.15.1 /32 1 5 420
This output confirms that the router has received 5 packets from group 220.127.116.11, from the source 10.0.15.1 (RouterE).
If the router has not yet received any multicast traffic, the inet.1 table is empty because the routes have not learned any (S,G) state. For testing purposes, if you need to generate multicast traffic, you can issue ping commands. This is how the traffic in this recipe was generated because the test network being used is not connected to any multicast sources. To do this, first set up the Session Announcement Protocol ( SAP) on a non-RP router to listen to a multicast address:
 aviva@RouterG# set protocols sap listen 18.104.22.168
Then from a non-RP router on the other side of the RP from the SAP-enabled router, ping the multicast address::
aviva@RouterE> ping 22.214.171.124 ttl 8 interface fe-0/0/1 count 5 bypass-routing PING 126.96.36.199 (188.8.131.52): 56 data bytes 64 bytes from 10.0.16.2: icmp_seq=0 ttl=254 time=85.554 ms 64 bytes from 10.0.16.2: icmp_seq=1 ttl=254 time=10.612 ms 64 bytes from 10.0.16.2: icmp_seq=2 ttl=254 time=10.367 ms 64 bytes from 10.0.16.2: icmp_seq=3 ttl=254 time=10.365 ms 64 bytes from 10.0.16.2: icmp_seq=4 ttl=254 time=70.044 ms --- 184.108.40.206 ping statistics --- 5 packets transmitted, 5 packets received, 0% packet loss round-trip min/avg/max/stddev = 10.365/37.388/85.554/33.358 ms
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