Finding Out What IP Addresses Are Used on the Router

Problem

You want to find out the IP addresses assigned to router interfaces.

Solution

Use the following command to find out what IP addresses have been assigned on the router:

	aviva@RouterB> show interfaces terse
	Interface Admin Link Proto Local Remote
	fe-0/0/0 up up
	fe-0/0/0.0 up up inet 10.0.24.2/24
	gr-0/0/0 up up 
	ip-0/0/0 up up
	ls-0/0/0 up up
	lt-0/0/0 up up
	mt-0/0/0 up up
	pd-0/0/0 up up
	pe-0/0/0 up up
	sp-0/0/0 up up
	sp-0/0/0.16383 up up inet
	fe-0/0/1 up up
	fe-0/0/1.0 up up inet 10.0.29.2/24
	t1-0/0/2 up up
	t1-0/0/2.0 up down inet 10.0.31.1/24
	t1-0/0/3 up down
	dsc up up
	gre up up
	ipip up up
	lo0 up up
	lo0.0 up up inet 192.168.14.1 --> 0/0
	lo0.16385 up up inet 10.0.0.1 --> 0/0
	 10.0.0.16 --> 0/0
	lsi up up
	mtun up up
	pimd up up
	pime up up
	pp0 up up
	tap up up

Another way to display IP addresses quickly is to always include the interface's IP address when configuring the interfaces:

	[edit interfaces]
	aviva@RouterD# set fe-0/0/0 description "10.0.24.2/24; to RouterH's fe-1/0/1"

Then use the following command to list the addresses:

	aviva@RouterD> show interfaces descriptions
	Interface Admin Link Description
	fe-0/0/0 up up 10.0.24.2/24; to RouterH's fe-1/0/1
	fe-0/0/1 up up 10.0.29.2/24; to RouterC's fe-0/0/1
	t1-0/0/2 up up 10.0.31.1/24; to RouterF's t1-0/0/2
	lo0 up up 192.168.14.1/32; local loopback

 

Discussion

When you are modifying a router configuration or trying to debug a problem, sometimes you need a quick way to find out what IP addresses are configured on the router. You can read through the interfaces portion of the configuration file, which is where all IP addresses are configured, but if you have a number of PICs and ports or if you have many logical interfaces, the information will likely be spread out over many screens. A simple way to get a list of configured IP addresses is to use the show interfaces terse command. The IP address is shown in the Local column. The output in this recipe shows IP addresses for three network interfaces, fe-0/0/0, fe-0/0/1, and t1-0/0/2, and for the lo0 interface.

Another strategy for displaying IP addresses quickly is to always include the inter-face's IP address in the description statement when configuring the interfaces. Then use the show interfaces descriptions command to list all interface IP addresses.

The output of the show interfaces terse command also provides a quick view of which slot each of the PICs is installed in. When PICs are installed in the router, the JUNOS software detects their presence and displays them in the output of the show interfaces command. In this example, the router (a J-series box) has two Fast Ethernet PICs in slot 0 (interfaces fe-0/0/0 and fe-0/0/1) and two serial cards in slot 0 (interfaces se-0/0/2 and se-0/0/3).

You can confirm the presence of these PICs with the show chassis hardware command, but this command does not tell you which slot the PICs are in:

	aviva@RouterB> show chassis hardware
	Hardware inventory:
	Item Version Part number Serial number 
Description
	Chassis JN002447AA J2300
	Routing Engine REV 07 750-009992 AA04350171 RE-J.1
	FPC 0 REV 04 750-010739 AC04430288 FPC
	 PIC 0 2x FE, 2x Serial

Some of the interfaces (gr-0/0/0, ip-0/0/0, ls-0/0/0, lt-0/0/0, mt-0/0/0, pd-0/0/0, and pe-0/0/0) are virtual interfaces that are used for tunneling. They are virtual in that they are not necessarily tied to a specific network card. gr-0/0/0 and ip-0/0/0 are for unicast tunnels with GRE or IP-IP encapsulation, ls-0/0/0 is a link services interface, lt-0/0/0 is a logical tunnel interface, mt-0/0/0 is a multicast tunnel, and pd-0/0/0 and pe-0/0/0 are PIM tunnels. lo is the loopback interface (see Recipe 7.3), and the remaining are nonconfigurable interfaces used internally by the JUNOS software (see Recipe 7.23).

See Also

Recipes 7.3 and 7.23


Router Configuration and File Management

Basic Router Security and Access Control

IPSec

SNMP

Logging

NTP

Router Interfaces

IP Routing

Routing Policy and Firewall Filters

RIP

IS-IS

OSPF

BGP

MPLS

VPNs

IP Multicast



JUNOS Cookbook
Junos Cookbook (Cookbooks (OReilly))
ISBN: 0596100140
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2007
Pages: 290
Authors: Aviva Garrett

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