The system logging messages give you high-level information about the processes and events that are occurring on the router, but you need specific information about the operation of a routing protocol.
Use tracing to get more details about the operations of your routing protocols. You can start by collecting global information about all the routing operations occurring on your router:
[edit routing-options] aviva@router1# set traceoptions file traceoptions-routing-all world-readable aviva@router1# set traceoptions flag all
Basic tracing lets you collect information about all the routing protocols that are actively running on your router. Configuring tracing is almost the same as configuring system logging. You specify the file to which you want to direct information, and you decide whether only the root user or all users can read the file. Here, the filename is traceoptions-routing-all and it is readable by everyone.
This recipe uses the default trace file size of 1 MB and the default of 10 trace files. The JUNOS software handles the tracing files the same way as logging files. When the file reaches its maximum size, it is renamed with a .0 extension. When the file again fills up, the .0 file is renamed with a .1 extension, the newly filled file is renamed with a .0 extension, and so on. Where there are 10 files, the files start getting overwritten.
Use the following commands to change the default file size and number of files:
[edit routing-options] aviva@router1# set traceoptions file size 10M aviva@router1# set traceoptions file files 5
The traceoption flags indicate the information to monitor. This recipe traces all routing protocol traffic.
For a router running RIP, IS-IS, and MPLS, you would see messages like this in the tracing file:
Apr 5 16:09:43 mpls LSP update start Apr 5 16:09:43 mpls LSP update complete Apr 5 16:12:23 task_timer_dispatch: returned from IS-IS I/O./var/run/ppmd_control_ PPM Keepalive, rescheduled in 40 Apr 5 16:12:27 task_receive_packet: task RIPv2 I/O.0.0.0.0+520 from 192.168.220 .18+520 to 188.8.131.52 if t1-0/1/0:0.0 (ix 70) msgix 70 socket 14 length 164
All the messages are timestamped and indicate the protocol or tasks that generated them.
When debugging global routing operations, one or more of the following can be traced:
[edit routing-options] aviva@router1# show traceoptions flag ? Possible completions: all Trace everything config-internal Trace configuration internals general Trace general events normal Trace normal events parse Trace configuration parsing policy Trace policy processing regex-parse Trace regular-expression parsing route Trace routing information state Trace state transitions task Trace routing protocol task processing timer Trace routing protocol timer processing
Generally, when you are trying to debug a problem with a routing protocol, you turn on tracing for that protocol only. You can do this for BGP, DVMRP, IGMP, IS-IS, LDP, MPLS, MSDP, OSPF, PGM, PIM, RIP, RIPng, RSVP, SNMP, and VPLS. Throughout this book, in the appropriate protocol chapters, we show how to use tracing to debug problems. You can also use traceoptions to debug interface problems. Tracing all routing operations is not recommended on a busy router because the tracing and routing protocol operations use the same CPU and the processing time required for tracing can slow down the protocol processing. In this case, you should consider tracing a smaller scope of operations, or even not using tracing at all.
Router Configuration and File Management
Basic Router Security and Access Control
Routing Policy and Firewall Filters