The tabnanny Module

(New in 2.0) The tabnanny module checks Python source files for ambigous indentation. If a file mixes tabs and spaces in a way that throws off indentation, no matter what tab size you're using, the nanny complains.

In the file used in the following examples, the first line after the if statement uses four spaces followed by a tab. The second uses spaces only.

$ -v samples/
';samples/': *** Line 3: trouble in tab city! ***
offending line: print "world"

indent not equal e.g. at tab sizes 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9

Since the Python interpreter reads a tab as eight spaces, the script will run correctly. It will also display correctly in any editor that assumes that a tab is either eight or four spaces. That's not enough to fool the tab nanny, of course.

Example 11-6 shows how you can also use tabnanny from your own programs.

Example 11-6. Using the tabnanny Module


import tabnanny

FILE = "samples/"

file = open(FILE)
for line in file.readlines():
 print repr(line)

# let tabnanny look at it

'if 1:12'
' 11print "hello"12'
' print "world"12'
samples/ 3 ' print "world"'12'

To capture the output, you can redirect sys.stdout to a StringIO object.

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