.NODE

The errno Module

The errno module defines a number of symbolic error codes, such as ENOENT ( "no such directory entry") and EPERM ( "permission denied"). It also provides a dictionary mapping from platform-dependent numerical error codes to symbolic names. Example 2-21 shows how to use errno.

In most cases, the IOError exception provides a 2-tuple with the numerical error code and an explanatory string. If you need to distinguish between different error codes, use the symbolic names where possible.

Example 2-21. Using the errno Module

File: errno-example-1.py

import errno

try:
 fp = open("no.such.file")
except IOError, (error, message):
 if error == errno.ENOENT:
 print "no such file"
 elif error == errno.EPERM:
 print "permission denied"
 else:
 print message

no such file

Example 2-22 is a bit contrived, but it shows how to use the errorcode dictionary to map from a numerical error code to the symbolic name.

Example 2-22. Using the errorcode Dictionary

File: errno-example-2.py

import errno

try:
 fp = open("no.such.file")
except IOError, (error, message):
 print error, repr(message)
 print errno.errorcode[error]

# 2 'No such file or directory'
# ENOENT

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Python Standard Library
Python Standard Library (Nutshell Handbooks) with
ISBN: 0596000960
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2000
Pages: 252
Authors: Fredrik Lundh
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