The fnmatch Module

The fnmatch module matches filenames against a pattern, as Example 2-27 shows.

The pattern syntax is the same as that used in Unix shells. An asterisk (*) matches zero or more characters, and a question mark (?) matches exactly one character. You can also use brackets to indicate character ranges, such as [0-9] for a single digit. All other characters match themselves.

Example 2-27. Using the fnmatch Module to Match Files

File: fnmatch-example-1.py

import fnmatch
import os

for file in os.listdir("samples"):
 if fnmatch.fnmatch(file, "*.jpg"):
 print file

sample.jpg

In Example 2-28, the translate function converts a file pattern to a regular expression.

Example 2-28. Using the fnmatch Module to Convert a Pattern to a Regular Expression

File: fnmatch-example-2.py

import fnmatch
import os, re

pattern = fnmatch.translate("*.jpg")

for file in os.listdir("samples"):
 if re.match(pattern, file):
 print file

print "(pattern was %s)" % pattern

sample.jpg
(pattern was .*.jpg$)

The fnmatch module is used by the glob and find modules.

Core Modules

More Standard Modules

Threads and Processes

Data Representation

File Formats

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Python Standard Library
Python Standard Library (Nutshell Handbooks) with
ISBN: 0596000960
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2000
Pages: 252
Authors: Fredrik Lundh

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