Overview

This chapter describes a number of modules that are used in many Python programs. It's perfectly possible to write large Python programs without using them, but they can help you save a lot of time and effort.

2.1.1 Files and Streams

The fileinput module makes it easy to write different kinds of text filters. This module provides a wrapper class, which lets you use a simple for-in statement to loop over the contents of one or more text files.

The StringIO module (and the cStringIO variant) implements an in-memory file object. You can use StringIO objects in many places where Python expects an ordinary file object.

2.1.2 Type Wrappers

UserDict, UserList, and UserString are thin wrappers on top of the corresponding built-in types. Unlike the built-in types, these wrappers can be subclassed. This can come in handy if you need a class that works almost like a built-in type, but has one or more extra methods.

2.1.3 Random Numbers

The random module provides a number of different random number generators. The whrandom module is similar, but it also allows you to create multiple generator objects.

2.1.4 Digests and Encryption Algorithms

The md5 and sha modules are used to calculate cryptographically strong message signatures (so-called "message digests").

The crypt module implements a DES-style one-way encryption. This module is usually only available on Unix systems.

The rotor module provides simple two-way encryption.

Core Modules

More Standard Modules

Threads and Processes

Data Representation

File Formats

Mail and News Message Processing

Network Protocols

Internationalization

Multimedia Modules

Data Storage

Tools and Utilities

Platform-Specific Modules

Implementation Support Modules

Other Modules





Python Standard Library
Python Standard Library (Nutshell Handbooks) with
ISBN: 0596000960
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2000
Pages: 252
Authors: Fredrik Lundh
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