Creation and Usage of CDR Data

You can enable and disable CDR and CMR processing via service parameters in Cisco CallManager Administration (Service > Service Parameters > select a server > select a service). Select the desired service parameters from the list in Table 7-1, set their values appropriately, and update them. When you modify the CDR-related service parameters, the specified CallManager node changes its processing accordingly within a short time, usually within a few seconds. Table 7-1 lists the service parameters that control and manage CDR data.

Table 7-1. CDR and CMR Service Parameters

ParameterService and Section

Description

Default

Valid Values

CDR Enabled FlagCisco CallManager service, System

Enables and disables the generation of CDR data for the specified CallManager only.

False

TrueGenerate CDRs

FalseDo not generate CDRs

Call Diagnostics EnabledCisco CallManager service, Clusterwide Parameters (Device General)

Enables and disables the generation of CMRs for all CallManager nodes in the cluster.

False

True Generate CMRs

False Do not generate CMRs

CDR Log Calls with Zero Duration FlagCisco CallManager service, System

Enables and disables the logging of CDR data for calls that were not connected or were connected for less than 1 second for the specified CallManager only.

False

True Generate CDRs for unconnected calls

False Do not generate CDRs for unconnected calls

Max CDR RecordsCisco Database Layer Monitor service, System

Specifies the maximum number of CDRs to keep in the database. If the number of CDRs reaches this maximum number, the oldest records are deleted and an alarm is generated. This check occurs once a day.

1,500,000 records

1 to 2147483647 records

Maintenance Time (hr)Cisco Database Layer Monitor service, Clusterwide Parameters

Specifies the hour in military time (24-hour clock) to begin CDR database maintenance. Use this parameter in combination with the Maintenance Window parameter. For example, specifying 22 in this parameter means that the CDR maintenance would begin at 10 p.m. If the Maintenance Window parameter is set to 2, it means that CDR maintenance will run every hour from 10 p.m. to midnight. If both parameters are set to 24, CDR maintenance will run every hour all day long. During CDR maintenance, the system deletes the oldest CDRs and associated CMRs, so the maximum number of records, as specified in the Max CDR Records parameter, is maintained. Also during maintenance, the system issues an alarm if the CDR file count exceeds 200 and checks for replication links between servers that have been broken and tries to reinitialize them.

24th hour

1 to 24

Maintenance WindowCisco Database Layer Monitor service, Clusterwide Parameters

This parameter specifies the window of time during which CDR maintenance is performed on an hourly basis. For example, if this parameter is set to 12, CDR maintenance will run every hour for 12 hours, starting at the time that is specified in the Maintenance Time parameter. For example, if the Maintenance Time parameter is set to 7, and this parameter is set to 12, CDR maintenance will begin at 7 a.m. and run every hour until 7 p.m. If both parameters are set to 24, CDR maintenance will run every hour all day long.

2 hours

1 to 24

 

Enabling and Disabling CDR Data Generation

The CDR Enabled Flag service parameter (Service > Service Parameters > select a server > Cisco CallManager) determines whether CDR data is generated. CDR data generation is disabled by default when the system is installed because some users do not need CDR data, do not have processing resources to handle it, and because CDRs consume disk space. The default setting prevents the creation of the CDR data (which saves processing time and disk space) unless you explicitly enable its generation. You must set this parameter to True if you want to have CDR data at your disposal.

Note

When you change the setting of the CDR Enabled Flag parameter, it only applies to the CallManager node selected. You should configure it to be the same for all CallManager nodes in the cluster to get consistent and predictable results. If you set the configuration differently on different CallManager nodes, some CDR data is not logged.

 

Logging or Not Logging Calls with Zero Duration

The CDR Log Calls with Zero Duration Flag service parameter determines whether CDRs for calls that were never connected or were connected for less than a second are generated. The following are three common examples:

  • When a user goes off-hook and then on-hook without completing a call.
  • When a user completes a blind transfer. (The consultation call does not connect.)
  • When a user calls a destination that does not return answer supervision. The most common cases of this are calls to Public Safety Answering Points (PSAP; 911 emergency operator centers in North America). Many of these calls do not return answer supervision and as a result the 911 calls are not logged.

CallManager distinguishes between calls that have a duration of 0 seconds and terminate normally and calls that do not connect because of an error condition. Calls that terminate normally are those that have one of the following termination cause codes:

  • 0No error
  • 16Normal call clearing
  • 31Normal, unspecified

CallManager always generates CDR data for calls that have a duration of 0 seconds and terminate because of an error condition of some sort, regardless of the setting of the CDR Log Calls with Zero Duration Flag service parameter. Calls to busy destinations or bad phone numbers are examples of this type of call. The duration of these calls is 0 because they were never connected, but their CDRs are generated anyway.

CallManager does not generate CDRs for calls that terminate normally and have a duration of 0 seconds, unless the CDR Log Calls with Zero Duration Flag service parameter is set to True. When CDR generation is enabled, CallManager generates a CDR for each call that was connected for 1 second or more.

Tip

The CDR Log Calls with Zero Duration Flag service parameter is valid only when the CDR Enabled Flag service parameter is set to True. If CDR generation is disabled, the setting of the CDR Log Calls with Zero Duration Flag service parameter has no significance.

 

Enabling and Disabling CMR or Diagnostic Data Generation

You can enable and disable the generation of CMRs through the Service Parameters Configuration page in CallManager Administration (Service > Service Parameters > select a server > Cisco CallManager). You control CMR generation by enabling the Call Diagnostics Enabled service parameter. CMR generation is disabled by default when the system is installed. The system generates CMRs only when the Call Diagnostics Enabled service parameter is set to True. The system generates CDRs based solely on the CDR Enabled Flag setting, so if all you want is CDRs, you do not need to set the Call Diagnostics Enabled parameter to True. If you want CMRs, you must enable call diagnostics specifically.

Cisco recommends that if you enable CMRs, you should also enable CDRs. Several processes, including the purging of CDR data and the processing of CDR data by the CDR Analysis & Reporting tool, are dependent on the existence of CDRs that are associated with CMRs. Problems with CAR and CDR data purge can occur if you have orphan CMRs (CMRs that do not have associated CDRs). If you use a third-party billing application to process CDR data, be aware that some applications purge CDRs but might not purge CMRs. Even if you have both CDRs and CMRs enabled, problems can still occur if the third-party application is deleting only CDRs and not the associated CMRs. One such problem is that over time, the unpurged CMRs can consume all the space on the disk and eventually crash CallManager. Because the purge process keys off CDRs, when the CDRs are deleted, the CMRs remain on the disk. This problem will be fixed in a future CallManager release, but as of release 4.1(2), the possibility for this problem still exists. When you change the setting of Call Diagnostics Enabled, it applies to all CallManager nodes in the cluster.

Cisco CallManager Architecture

Call Routing

Station Devices

Trunk Devices

Media Processing

Manageability and Monitoring

Call Detail Records

Appendix A. Feature List

Appendix B. Cisco Integrated Solutions

Appendix C. Protocol Details

Index



Cisco CallManager Fundamentals
Cisco CallManager Fundamentals (2nd Edition)
ISBN: 1587051923
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2004
Pages: 141

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