Running Unit Tests

Credit: Steve Arneil

Problem

You want to run some or all of the unit tests youve written.

Solution

This solution uses the example test class PersonTest from the previous recipe, Recipe 17.7. In that scenario, this code lives in a file test/person_test.rb, and the code to be tested lives in app/person.rb. Heres test/person_test.rb again:

	# person_test.rb
	require File.join(File.dirname(__FILE__), .., app, person)
	require 	est/unit

	class PersonTest < Test::Unit::TestCase
	 FIRST_NAME, LAST_NAME, AGE = Nathaniel, Talbott, 25

	 def setup
	 @person = Person.new(FIRST_NAME, LAST_NAME, AGE)
	 end

	 def test_first_name
	 assert_equal FIRST_NAME, @person.first_name
	 end

	 def test_last_name
	 assert_equal LAST_NAME, @person.last_name
	 end

	 def test_full_name
	 assert_equal FIRST_NAME +   + LAST_NAME, @person.full_name
	 end
	 def test_age
	 assert_equal 25, @person.age
	 assert_raise(ArgumentError) { Person.new(FIRST_NAME, LAST_NAME, -4) }
	 assert_raise(ArgumentError) { Person.new(FIRST_NAME, LAST_NAME, four) }
	 end
	end

As seen in the previous recipe, the simplest solution is to run the script that contains the tests as a Ruby script:

	$ ruby test/person_test.rb
	Loaded suite test/person_test
	Started
	….
	Finished in 0.008955 seconds.

	4 tests, 6 assertions, 0 failures, 0 errors

But the person_test.rb script also accepts command-line arguments. You can use the --name option to choose which test methods to run, and the --verbose option to print each test method as its run:

	$ ruby test/person_test.rb --verbose --name test_first_name 
	 --name test_last_name
	Loaded suite test/person_test
	Started
	test_first_name(PersonTest): .
	test_last_name(PersonTest): .

	Finished in 0.012567 seconds.

	2 tests, 2 assertions, 0 failures, 0 errors

Discussion

How do the tests run when person_test.rb doesn appear to do anything but define a class? How can person_test.rb accept command-line arguments? We wrote that file, and we didn put in any command-line parsing code.

It all happens behind the scenes. When we required the Test::Unit framework, it passed a block into the method method Kernel#at_exit. This block is guaranteed to be called before the Ruby interpreter exits. It looks like this:

	$ tail -5 /usr/local/lib/ruby/1.8/test/unit.rb
	at_exit do
	 unless $! || Test::Unit.run?
	 exit Test::Unit::AutoRunner.run
	 end
	end

Once the code in person_test.rb defines its test class, the Ruby interpreter exits: but first, it runs that block, which triggers the AutoRunner test runner. This does the command-line parsing, the execution of the tests in PersonTest, and all the rest of it.

Here are a few more helpful options to a unit test script.

The --name option can be used with a regular expression to choose the test methods to run.

	$ ruby test/person_test.rb --verbose --name /test_f/
	Loaded suite test/person_test
	Started
	test_first_name(PersonTest): .
	test_full_name(PersonTest): .

	Finished in 0.014891 seconds.

	2 tests, 2 assertions, 0 failures, 0 errors

The Test::Unit framework can be also be loaded alone to run tests in the current directory and its subdirectories. Use the --pattern option with a regular expression to select the test files to run:

	$ ruby -rtest/unit -e0 -- --pattern /_test/
	Loaded suite .
	Started
	…
	Finished in 0.009329 seconds.

	4 tests, 6 assertions, 0 failures, 0 errors

To list all the available Test::Unit options, use the --help option:

	$ ruby test/person_test.rb --help

Additional options are available when the Test::Unit framework is run standalone. Again, use the --help option:

	$ ruby -rtest/unit -e0 -- --help

See Also

  • ri Test::Unit
  • Recipe 15.22, "Unit Testing Your Web Site"
  • Recipe 17.7, "Writing Unit Tests"
  • Recipe 19.1, "Automatically Running Unit Tests"


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