Adding Tables to a Database

Problem

You need to add a table to an existing database.

Solution

Use the CREATE TABLE statement.

The sample code executes the DDL statementusing the ExecuteNonQuery( ) method of the Command objectto add a table to an existing SQL Server database.

The C# code is shown in Example 10-8.

Example 10-8. File: AddTableToDatabaseForm.cs

// Namespaces, variables, and constants
using System;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;

// . . . 

SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection(
 ConfigurationSettings.AppSettings["Sql_ConnectString"]);

String createSql = "CREATE TABLE MyTable " +
 "(MyTableId int IDENTITY(1,1) PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED)";

SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand(createSql, conn);
// Create the table in the database.
try 
{
 conn.Open( );
 cmd.ExecuteNonQuery( );
 resultTextBox.Text = "Table created successfully";
}
catch (System.Exception ex)
{
 resultTextBox.Text = ex.ToString( );
}
finally
{
 if (conn.State == ConnectionState.Open)
 conn.Close( );
}

Discussion

There are two categories of SQL statements:

Database Definition Language (DDL)

Used to manage all objects in the database, generally with CREATE , ALTER , and DROP statements to create, modify, and delete objects, respectively. These statements generally require DBA permissions to execute.

Database Management Language (DML)

Used to manipulateselect, insert, update, and deletedata in the database objects. Database objects are defined using DDL.

The solution executes a DDL CREATE TABLE statement to create a table in the database and a primary key on the new table in a SQL Server database.

You can programmatically drop a table using the DROP TABLE statement in a similar way. To drop the table created in this example, use the following code:

DROP TABLE MyTable

The DROP TABLE statement will fail if the table is in use; therefore, it might be necessary to restart the SQL Server.

For more information about the CREATE TABLE statement or the DROP TABLE statement, see Microsoft SQL Server Books Online.

The solution for Oracle databases and other databases is similar to that shown for SQL Server. However, the DDL syntax for each database varies slightly because of differences in database server capabilities and architecture. For example, the CREATE TABLE statement for Oracle is different because Oracle does not support identity columns and uses sequences instead (see Recipe 4.4 for more information about Oracle sequences). For more information about Oracle SQL syntax, see Oracle in a Nutshell by Rick Greenwald and David C. Kreines (O'Reilly).

Connecting to Data

Retrieving and Managing Data

Searching and Analyzing Data

Adding and Modifying Data

Copying and Transferring Data

Maintaining Database Integrity

Binding Data to .NET User Interfaces

Working with XML

Optimizing .NET Data Access

Enumerating and Maintaining Database Objects

Appendix A. Converting from C# to VB Syntax



ADO. NET Cookbook
ADO.NET 3.5 Cookbook (Cookbooks (OReilly))
ISBN: 0596101406
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2002
Pages: 222
Authors: Bill Hamilton

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