Getting Typed DataRows from DataViews

Problem

When using a DataView to find rows in a typed DataSet , you want to convert the rows you find to typed DataRow objects having all the properties and methods defined in your typed DataSet .

Solution

Cast the DataRow object returned by the Row property of a DataRowView to a typed DataRow .

The sample code contains two event handlers:

Form.Load

Sets up the sample by creating a typed DataSet containing the Categories table from the Northwind sample database. The default view of the typed Categories table sorted by the CategoryID is bound to the data grid on the form.

Find Button.Click

Finds the row in the view matching the user specified CategoryID, gets the underlying table row, and casts that to the typed row.

The C# code is shown in Example 3-11.

Example 3-11. File: TypedDataRowFromDataViewForm.cs

// Namespaces, variables, and constants
using System;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Text;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;

private DataView dv;

// Table name constants
private const String CATEGORIES_TABLE = "Categories";

// . . . 

private void TypedDataRowFromDataViewForm_Load(object sender,
 System.EventArgs e)
{
 // Create the typed DataSet.
 CategoriesDS dsTyped = new CategoriesDS( );

 // Create and fill the Categories table.
 String sqlText =
 "SELECT CategoryID, CategoryName, Description FROM Categories";
 SqlDataAdapter da = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlText,
 ConfigurationSettings.AppSettings["Sql_ConnectString"]);
 da.Fill(dsTyped.Categories);

 // Get the default view and set the sort key.
 dv = dsTyped.Categories.DefaultView;
 dv.Sort = "CategoryID";
 // Bind the default view of the Categories table to the grid.
 dataGrid.DataSource = dv;
}

private void findButton_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
 int categoryId = 0;
 try
 {
 categoryId = Convert.ToInt32(categoryIdTextBox.Text);
 // Get the index of the find row in the view.
 int viewRowIndex = dv.Find(categoryId);
 if (viewRowIndex == -1)
 MessageBox.Show("Row not found for Category ID = " +
 categoryId);
 else
 {
 // Cast the underlying row in the view to a typed row.
 CategoriesDS.CategoriesRow typedRow =
 (CategoriesDS.CategoriesRow)dv[viewRowIndex].Row;

 // Display the located typed row.
 MessageBox.Show(typedRow.CategoryID + " - " +
 typedRow.CategoryName);
 }
 }
 catch (Exception ex)
 {
 MessageBox.Show(ex.Message);
 }
}

Discussion

The DataView indexer in C# or Item property in VB.NET allows access to the DataRowView objects, or Windows Form control views of a DataRow , contained in the DataView . The DataRowView object in turn exposes a Row property that is a reference to the underlying DataRow object. Just as DataTable objects contain DataRow objects, DataView objects contain DataRowView objects.

The Find( ) method of the DataView returns the index of the row matching the specified search criteria. You can use the index to get a single DataRowView from the DataView . The Row property of this DataRowView object is used to return the underlying DataRow object. The typed DataSet classesincluding the DataTable , DataColumn , and DataRow objectsinherit from the ADO.NET disconnected classes allowing you to cast the DataRow to the strongly typed row.

Connecting to Data

Retrieving and Managing Data

Searching and Analyzing Data

Adding and Modifying Data

Copying and Transferring Data

Maintaining Database Integrity

Binding Data to .NET User Interfaces

Working with XML

Optimizing .NET Data Access

Enumerating and Maintaining Database Objects

Appendix A. Converting from C# to VB Syntax

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ADO. NET Cookbook
ADO.NET 3.5 Cookbook (Cookbooks (OReilly))
ISBN: 0596101406
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2002
Pages: 222
Authors: Bill Hamilton
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