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Copying Rows from One DataTable to Another

Problem

You have records in a DataTable that you need to copy to another DataTable .

Solution

Use the ImportRow( ) method of the DataTable to copy DataRow objects from one DataTable to another. Three techniques for selecting records to copy are demonstrated in the following example:

  • Use the Rows property to access rows in the DataRowCollection of the DataTable using the row index.
  • Use the Select( ) method of the DataTable .
  • Use the RowFilter property of a DataView for the DataTable .

The sample code creates a source DataTable containing the Orders table from Northwind. A second empty target DataTable is created with the same schema. One of the three techniques, as specified by the user , is used to copy records from the source table to the target table.

The C# code is shown in Example 5-1.

Example 5-1. File: CopyRowsBetweenTablesForm.cs

// Namespaces, variables, and constants
using System;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;

// Table name constants
private const String ORDERS_TABLE = "Orders";

// Field name constants
private const String ORDERID_FIELD = "OrderID";

// . . . 

// Fill the source table with schema and data.
SqlDataAdapter da = new SqlDataAdapter("SELECT * FROM Orders",
 ConfigurationSettings.AppSettings["Sql_ConnectString"]);
DataTable dt = new DataTable(ORDERS_TABLE);
da.FillSchema(dt, SchemaType.Source);
da.Fill(dt);

// Clone the schema to the copy table.
DataTable dtCopy = dt.Clone( );

if(rowRadioButton.Checked)
{
 // Use ImportRow method to import the first three rows.
 for (int i = 0; i < 3; i++)
 {
 dtCopy.ImportRow(dt.Rows[i]);
 }
}
else if (selectRadioButton.Checked)
{
 // Copy using result of Select( ) method.
 foreach(DataRow row in dt.Select(ORDERID_FIELD + " <= 10300"))
 {
 dtCopy.ImportRow(row);
 }
}
else if (filteredDataViewRadioButton.Checked)
{
 // Copy using result of filtered DataView.
 DataView categoryView = dt.DefaultView;
 categoryView.RowFilter = ORDERID_FIELD + " >= 10300 AND " +
 ORDERID_FIELD + " < 10400";
 for (int i = 0; i < categoryView.Count; i++)
 {
 dtCopy.ImportRow(categoryView[i].Row);
 }
}

// Bind the default view of the copy table to the grid.
dataGrid.DataSource = dtCopy.DefaultView;

Discussion

Rows can be copied between tables using the ImportRow( ) methods of the DataTable object. The ImportRow( ) method requires that both the source and destination table have the same structure. In this example, the Clone( ) method of the DataTable creates a table with identical structure, but any technique that creates a table with an identical structure can be used.

Additionally, the Copy( ) method of the DataTable object can create a new DataTable having the same structure and data as the original as shown in the following code sample:

// Create the source table.
DataTable dtSource = new DataTable("Source");

// . . . Fill the source table with data.

// Create the destination table and copy the source table.
DataTable dtDest = new DataTable("Dest");
dtDest = dtSource.Copy( );

Connecting to Data

Retrieving and Managing Data

Searching and Analyzing Data

Adding and Modifying Data

Copying and Transferring Data

Maintaining Database Integrity

Binding Data to .NET User Interfaces

Working with XML

Optimizing .NET Data Access

Enumerating and Maintaining Database Objects

Appendix A. Converting from C# to VB Syntax

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ADO. NET Cookbook
ADO.NET 3.5 Cookbook (Cookbooks (OReilly))
ISBN: 0596101406
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2002
Pages: 222
Authors: Bill Hamilton
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