Accessing Deleted Rows in a DataTable

Problem

When you delete rows from a DataSet they are really marked for deletion until changes are committed by calling AcceptChanges( ) either directly or indirectly. You want to access the rows that you have deleted from a DataTable .

Solution

Use either a DataView or the Select( ) method of the DataTable to access deleted rows.

The sample code contains three event handlers:

Form.Load

Sets up the sample by creating a DataTable containing Orders data from Northwind. A view containing the Current rows is bound to a data grid on the form.

Current Rows RadioButton.CheckedChanged

Sets the view of the Orders data to display only Current rows. The text box displaying information about deleted rows is cleared.

Deleted Rows RadioButton.CheckedChanged

Sets the view of the Orders data to display only Deleted rows. The DataTable for the DataView is retrieved and the Select( ) method is used to get the Deleted rows. The overloaded indexer in C#, or Item( ) property in VB.NET, is used to retrieve the OrderID from the Original version of these deleted rows. This information is displayed in the text box on the form.

The C# code is shown in Example 2-6.

Example 2-6. File: AccessDeletedRowsForm.cs

// Namespaces, variables, and constants
using System;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Text;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;

private DataView dv;

// . . . 

private void AccessDataSetDeletedRowsForm_Load(object sender,
 System.EventArgs e)
{
 // Fill the Orders table.
 SqlDataAdapter da = new SqlDataAdapter("SELECT * FROM Orders",
 ConfigurationSettings.AppSettings["Sql_ConnectString"]);
 DataTable dt = new DataTable("Orders");
 da.Fill(dt);

 // Define a view of just the Current rows.
 dv = new DataView(dt, null, null, DataViewRowState.CurrentRows);
 dataGrid.DataSource = dv;

 currentRadioButton.Checked = true;
}

private void currentRadioButton_CheckedChanged(object sender,
 System.EventArgs e)
{
 // Filter to include only current rows.
 dv.RowStateFilter = DataViewRowState.CurrentRows;
 dataGrid.ReadOnly = false;

 deletedTextBox.Clear( );
}

private void deletedRadioButton_CheckedChanged(object sender,
 System.EventArgs e)
{
 // Filter the view to include only deleted rows.
 dv.RowStateFilter = DataViewRowState.Deleted;
 dataGrid.ReadOnly = true;

 // Get the DataTable from the DataView.
 DataTable dt = dv.Table;
 // Filter using the DataTable RowState.
 DataRow[] delRows = dt.Select(null, null, DataViewRowState.Deleted);

 StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder("Deleted Records:" +
 Environment.NewLine);
 // Iterate over the collection of deleted rows.
 foreach(DataRow row in delRows)
 sb.Append("Order ID: " + row["OrderID",
 DataRowVersion.Original] + Environment.NewLine);
 
 deletedTextBox.Text = sb.ToString( );
}

Discussion

ADO.NET manages the state of the rows while they are being modified. Rows are assigned a state from the DataRowState enumeration described in Table 2-4.

Table 2-4. DataRowState enumeration

Value

Description

Added

The row has been added to the collection of rows in the table but AcceptChanges( ) has not been called.

Deleted

The row has been deleted from the collection of rows in the table but AcceptChanges( ) has not been called.

Detached

The row does not belong to the collection of rows in a DataTable .

Modified

The data in the row has been changed but AcceptChanges( ) has not been called.

Unchanged

The data in the row has not been changed since it was loaded or since AcceptChanges( ) was last called.

When AcceptChanges( ) is called on the DataSet , DataTable , or DataRow , either explicitly or implicitly by calling the Update( ) method of the DataAdapter , the following occurs:

  • All rows with a row state of Deleted are removed.
  • All other rows are assigned a row state of Unchanged and the Original row version values are overwritten with the Current version values.

When RejectChanges( ) is called on the DataSet , DataTable , or DataRow , the following occurs:

  • All rows with a row state of Added are removed.
  • All other rows are assigned a row state of Unchanged and the Current row version values are overwritten with the Original row version values.

Each DataRow has a RowState property that returns the current state of the row.

ADO.NET maintains several versions of the data in each row while it is being modified to allow the disconnected to be later reconciled with the data source. Table 2-5 describes the DataRowVersion enumeration values.

Table 2-5. DataRowVersion enumeration

Value

Description

Current

Current value. This version does not exist for rows with a state of Deleted .

Default

Default value as determined by the DataRowState :

  • The Current version for rows with Added , Modified , or Unchanged state
  • The Original version for rows with Deleted state
  • The Proposed value for rows with Detached state

Original

Original value. This version does not exist for rows with a state of Added .

Proposed

Proposed value. This value exists during a row edit operation started either implicitly or explicitly with the BeginEdit( ) method and for Detached rows.

The HasVersion( ) method of the DataRow object checks whether a particular row version exists.

The DataViewRowState enumeration is used to retrieve a particular version of data or to determine whether a version exists. It is used for this purpose by both the Select( ) method of the DataTable and by the RowStateFilter property of the DataView . You can retrieve more than one version by using a Boolean OR of DataViewRowState values. Table 2-6 describes the DataViewRowState enumeration values.

Table 2-6. DataViewRowState enumeration

Value

Description

Added

The Current version of all Added rows.

CurrentRows

The Current version of all Unchanged , Added , and Modified rows. This is the default value.

Deleted

The Original version of all Deleted rows.

ModifiedCurrent

The Current version of all Modified rows.

ModifiedOriginal

The Original version of all Modified rows.

None

No rows.

OriginalRows

The Original version of Unchanged , Modified , and Deleted rows.

Unchanged

The Current version of all Unchanged rows.

The Current version of each row is retrieved by default when accessing rows in a DataTable or in a DataView . The solution demonstrates an approach for getting Deleted rows from both a DataTable and a DataView . Deleted rows include only those marked for deletion using the Delete( ) method of the DataRow or the DataView , not the Remove( ) or RemoveAt( ) method of the DataRowCollection , which instead immediately removes the specified DataRow from the collection.

The solution demonstrates two techniques for retrieving the deleted rows:

To get the Deleted rows from the DataTable , use an overload of the Select( ) method of the DataTable to return an array of deleted DataRow objects. The overload accepts an argument having a DataViewRowState enumeration value. To retrieve deleted rows, pass a value of Deleted as the argument.

To get the Deleted rows from the DataView , set the RowStateFilter property of the DataView to Deleted . Deleted rows are also visible, along with other rows, when you set the RowStateFilter property to ModifiedOriginal and OriginalRows .

Connecting to Data

Retrieving and Managing Data

Searching and Analyzing Data

Adding and Modifying Data

Copying and Transferring Data

Maintaining Database Integrity

Binding Data to .NET User Interfaces

Working with XML

Optimizing .NET Data Access

Enumerating and Maintaining Database Objects

Appendix A. Converting from C# to VB Syntax



ADO. NET Cookbook
ADO.NET 3.5 Cookbook (Cookbooks (OReilly))
ISBN: 0596101406
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2002
Pages: 222
Authors: Bill Hamilton

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