Formatting Column Values When Outputting Data as XML

Problem

You need to save some of the columns in a DataTable as attributes instead of elements when you write out the data as XML.

Solution

Use the ColumnMapping property.

The sample code contains two event handlers:

Form.Load

Sets up the sample by creating a DataSet containing the first two records of the Customers table from Northwind.

Refresh Button.Click

Iterates over all of the columns in all of the Customers tables and sets the ColumnMapping property to the specified value. The ColumnMapping for the ContactName column is then set to the specified value. The XML output for the DataSet is displayed.

The C# code is shown in Example 8-13.

Example 8-13. File: XmlElementsOrAttributesForm.cs

// Namespaces, variables, and constants
using System;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;

private DataSet ds;

// . . . 

private void XmlElementsOrAttributesForm_Load(object sender,
 System.EventArgs e)
{
 ds = new DataSet("CustomersDataSet");
 
 // Get the top two rows from the Customers table.
 SqlDataAdapter da = new SqlDataAdapter(
 "SELECT TOP 2 * FROM Customers",
 ConfigurationSettings.AppSettings["Sql_ConnectString"]);
 da.Fill(ds, "Customers");
}

private void refreshButton_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
 // Set the mapping type for each column in the table.
 foreach(DataTable table in ds.Tables)
 foreach(DataColumn column in table.Columns)
 {
 if(tableAttributeRadioButton.Checked)
 column.ColumnMapping = MappingType.Attribute;
 else if(tableElementRadioButton.Checked)
 column.ColumnMapping = MappingType.Element;
 else if(tableHiddenRadioButton.Checked)
 column.ColumnMapping = MappingType.Hidden;
 }

 // Set the mapping type for the ContactName column.
 DataColumn dc = ds.Tables["Customers"].Columns["ContactName"];
 if(columnAttributeRadioButton.Checked)
 dc.ColumnMapping = MappingType.Attribute;
 else if(columnElementRadioButton.Checked)
 dc.ColumnMapping = MappingType.Element;
 else if(columnHiddenRadioButton.Checked)
 dc.ColumnMapping = MappingType.Hidden;
 else if(columnSimpleContentRadioButton.Checked)
 dc.ColumnMapping = MappingType.SimpleContent;

 // Display the XML.
 xmlTextBox.Text = ds.GetXml( );
}

Discussion

The ColumnMapping property of the DataColumn specifies how the value of a column will be written when the DataSet is output as an XML document with the GetXml( ) method or WriteXml( ) method. The property value is one of the MappingType enumeration values described in Table 8-5.

Table 8-5. MappingType enumeration

Value

Description

Attribute

The value is written as an XML attribute. For example:


 my column value

Element

The value is written as an XML element. For example:


 

This is the default.

Hidden

The value is not written in the XML output.

SimpleContent

The value is written as text in the XML element for its row. For example:

my column value

This value can only be used if the table has neither Element columns nor nested relations.

There is no way to set the ColumnMapping property for all columns in a DataTable or DataSet at once. Each column must be set individually.

Connecting to Data

Retrieving and Managing Data

Searching and Analyzing Data

Adding and Modifying Data

Copying and Transferring Data

Maintaining Database Integrity

Binding Data to .NET User Interfaces

Working with XML

Optimizing .NET Data Access

Enumerating and Maintaining Database Objects

Appendix A. Converting from C# to VB Syntax



ADO. NET Cookbook
ADO.NET 3.5 Cookbook (Cookbooks (OReilly))
ISBN: 0596101406
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2002
Pages: 222
Authors: Bill Hamilton

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