Logging Alerts to a Database

Problem

You want your Snort alerts to be logged to a database.

Solution

Snort can log to a database by using the database output plug-ins in the snort.conf file. The following is the section of the snort.conf file where you must uncomment and configure the particular line for the database you are using:

# database: log to a variety of databases

# ---------------------------------------

# See the README.database file for more information about configuring

# and using this plugin.

#

# output database: log, mysql, user=root password=test dbname=db 

# host=localhost

# output database: alert, postgresql, user=snort dbname=snort

# output database: log, odbc, user=snort dbname=snort

# output database: log, mssql, dbname=snort user=snort password=test

# output database: log, oracle, dbname=snort user=snort password=test

You must run Snort in NIDS mode so that it uses the snort.conf file to invoke the output plug-in:

C:Snortin>snort -l c:snortlog -c c:snortetcsnort.conf

 

Discussion

Currently, Snort has database output plug-ins for MySQL, PostgresSQL, unixODBC, Oracle, and MS-SQL Server. You must make sure that you have the appropriate parameters for the database configured including database type, username, password, and database name. You must also determine if you want to log both alerts and logs. If the database plug-in is configured for "alert," it only logs output from alert rules. If it is configured for "log," it logs both log and alert rules. You can log to multiple databases at once, including multiple instances of the same database, if desired. However, the more ways you log, the more load it places on the Snort engine and the CPU. Choose your hardware and operating system carefully when logging to multiple databases.

See Also

Recipe 2.12

Recipe 2.5

http://www.mysql.org

http://www.postgresql.org

http://www.unixodbc.org

http://www.oracle.org

http://www.microsoft.com

Installing and Configuring MySQL

Installing Snort from Source on Unix

Logging to a File Quickly

How to Build Rules

Detecting Stateless Attacks and Stream Reassembly

Managing Snort Sensors

Generating Statistical Output from Snort Logs

Monitoring Network Performance

Index



Snort Cookbook
Snort Cookbook
ISBN: 0596007914
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2006
Pages: 167

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