Producing HTML Output

1.24.1 Problem

You'd like to turn a query result into HTML.

1.24.2 Solution

mysql can do that for you.

1.24.3 Discussion

mysql generates result set output as HTML tables if you use -H (or --html) option. This gives you a quick way to produce sample output for inclusion into a web page that shows what the result of a query looks like.[8] Here's an example that shows the difference between tabular format and HTML table output (a few line breaks have been added to the HTML output to make it easier to read):

[8] I'm referring to writing static HTML pages here. If you're writing a script that produces web pages on the fly, there are better ways to generate HTML output from a query. For more information on writing web scripts, see Chapter 16.

% mysql -e "SELECT * FROM limbs WHERE legs=0" cookbook
+------------+------+------+
| thing | legs | arms |
+------------+------+------+
| squid | 0 | 10 |
| octopus | 0 | 8 |
| fish | 0 | 0 |
| phonograph | 0 | 1 |
+------------+------+------+
% mysql -H -e "SELECT * FROM limbs WHERE legs=0" cookbook
thing legs arms
squid 0 10
octopus 0 8
fish 0 0
phonograph 0 1

The first line of the table contains column headings. If you don't want a header row, see Recipe 1.26.

The -H and --html options produce output only for queries that generate a result set. No output is written for queries such as INSERT or UPDATE statements.

-H and --html may be used as of MySQL 3.22.26. (They actually were introduced in an earlier version, but the output was not quite correct.)

Using the mysql Client Program

Writing MySQL-Based Programs

Record Selection Techniques

Working with Strings

Working with Dates and Times

Sorting Query Results

Generating Summaries

Modifying Tables with ALTER TABLE

Obtaining and Using Metadata

Importing and Exporting Data

Generating and Using Sequences

Using Multiple Tables

Statistical Techniques

Handling Duplicates

Performing Transactions

Introduction to MySQL on the Web

Incorporating Query Resultsinto Web Pages

Processing Web Input with MySQL

Using MySQL-Based Web Session Management

Appendix A. Obtaining MySQL Software

Appendix B. JSP and Tomcat Primer

Appendix C. References



MySQL Cookbook
MySQL Cookbook
ISBN: 059652708X
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2005
Pages: 412
Authors: Paul DuBois

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