You need to issue a set of queries that must succeed or fail as a unit.
Manipulate MySQL's auto-commit mode to allow multiple-statement transactions, then commit or roll back the statements depending on whether they succeed or fail.
This section describes the SQL statements that control transactional behavior in MySQL. The immediately following sections discuss how to perform transactions from within programs. Some APIs require that you implement transactions by issuing the SQL statements discussed in this section; others provide a special mechanism that allows transaction management without writing SQL directly. However, even in the latter case, the API mechanism will map program operations onto transactional SQL statements, so reading this section will give you a better understanding of what the API is doing on your behalf.
MySQL normally operates in auto-commit mode, which commits the effect of each statement as it executes. (In effect, each statement is its own transaction.) To perform a multiple-statement transaction, you must disable auto-commit mode, issue the statements that make up the transaction, and then either commit or roll back your changes. In MySQL, you can do this two ways:
mysql> CREATE TABLE t (i INT) TYPE = InnoDB; mysql> BEGIN; mysql> INSERT INTO t (i) VALUES(1); mysql> INSERT INTO t (i) VALUES(2); mysql> COMMIT; mysql> SELECT * FROM t; +------+ | i | +------+ | 1 | | 2 | +------+
If an error occurs, don't use COMMIT. Instead, cancel the transaction by issuing a ROLLBACK statement. In the following example, t remains empty after the transaction because the effects of the INSERT statements are rolled back:
mysql> CREATE TABLE t (i INT) TYPE = InnoDB; mysql> BEGIN; mysql> INSERT INTO t (i) VALUES(1); mysql> INSERT INTO t (x) VALUES(2); ERROR 1054 at line 5: Unknown column 'x' in 'field list' mysql> ROLLBACK; mysql> SELECT * FROM t; Empty set (0.00 sec)
mysql> CREATE TABLE t (i INT) TYPE = InnoDB; mysql> SET AUTOCOMMIT = 0; mysql> INSERT INTO t (i) VALUES(1); mysql> INSERT INTO t (i) VALUES(2); mysql> COMMIT; mysql> SELECT * FROM t; +------+ | i | +------+ | 1 | | 2 | +------+
To turn auto-commit mode back on, use this statement:
mysql> SET AUTOCOMMIT = 1;
Not Everything Can Be Undone
Transactions have their limits, because not all statements can be part of a transaction. For example, if you issue a DROP DATABASE statement, don't expect to get back the database by executing a ROLLBACK.
Using the mysql Client Program
Writing MySQL-Based Programs
Record Selection Techniques
Working with Strings
Working with Dates and Times
Sorting Query Results
Modifying Tables with ALTER TABLE
Obtaining and Using Metadata
Importing and Exporting Data
Generating and Using Sequences
Using Multiple Tables
Introduction to MySQL on the Web
Incorporating Query Resultsinto Web Pages
Processing Web Input with MySQL
Using MySQL-Based Web Session Management
Appendix A. Obtaining MySQL Software
Appendix B. JSP and Tomcat Primer
Appendix C. References